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by Duane K. McCullough

Individual life symbol; Upright post image.

The origin of the word "Indian" comes from the enterprising concept in which tribes who traded in indigo dye were referred to as "INDIANS" by European merchants. Indigo dye was very useful in making permanent inks and coloring matter in items of trade. From the Phoenicians, who gathered royal purple dye from shellfish fluids to other seafaring peoples who gathered indigo plants and wood for trade, all were originally referred to as "traders of indigo" or "INDIANS".

A collection of many tribes native to the upper central North America continent, the IROQUOIAN LEAGUE displayed traits of democratic rule at a time when early European colonist still govern themselves by autocratic rule. Eventually the league fell apart when the forces of European colonial expansion dismembered them. Over time, the democratic habits of the IROQUOIAN LEAGUE were reborn in the new colony governments of what became the United States of America.

A unique lake in eastern Guatemala that sits upon a major fault line which separates the American Plate from the Caribbean Plate, LAKE IZABAL is the site area from which native traders from north and south America and the West Indies sailed to and exchange items of commerce long ago. Open to the Caribbean Sea byway of the Rio Dulce waterway, this lake may be home to where the original natives once carved a major city out of a nearby rock hill that became the site of history's greatest mystery - the garden seaport city of ATLANTIS.

Legal letter symbol; Check mark sign.

Perhaps one of the most important persons to have existed in ancient times, JESUS CHRIST was apparently a teacher of good moral values who was publicly sacrificed by the government on a high-cross pole as an everlasting reminder of how "the good" can be destroyed by "human ignorance". The conventional date of his birth nearly twenty centuries ago is now being challenged by new scientific data which suggest he lived only about seven centuries ago. JESUS CHRIST eventually replaced the spiritual leader of the Grecian Empire once known as ZEUS. See MOSES and ZEUS.

Mentioned in the Holy Bible as a ceremonial time event that took place about every 50 years (Leviticus 25.8-9), the original ceremonial time event was actually an annual "pass-over" day -- or "leap" day event, that also became identified with other time alignment ceremonial events. (Ju = the, BIL = bell = ringing the Bell -- or blowing the ram's horn) See CHRISTMAS.

Calendar leader symbol; Crescent angle sign. (Crown keeper)

Sometimes misidentified as the wind-god Quetzalcoatl, KUKULCAN may have been the baldheaded oriental monk who also knew how to fly long tailed kites that mesmerized onlookers. KUKULCAN arrived about the time of the Toltec invasion of what is now Central America which disrupted the annual timekeeping ways of the Maya. Human sacrificial habits also appeared about the time when KUKULCAN arrived on the scene. See QUETZALCOATL.

Legal lesson symbol; Square ruler shape. (Measuring tool design)

A very heavy - yet soft, metallic element that is poisonous if ingested. Chemical symbol "Pb" because the Romans used it in their "Plumbing". Many believe that the Roman Empire was slowly poisoned because their drinking water was contaminated by the LEAD plumbing they used. The discovery of LEAD as a slow poison was not discovered until about a century ago. The use of LEAD by humans throughout history has resulted in much discord among families and communities. See SATURNISM and CERUSE.

High place symbol; Mountain profile shape.

First of the seven daughters to Atlas and Pleione, Maia was beloved by Zeus and gave birth to Hermes. It is believed that the month of May was named in her honor because of the Spring ceremonies in which "May-flowers" were offered as tribute to the "Mother-goddess". (Maia = Ma = Mother) / Also the brightest star in the Pleiades star group. See MAYA 1 and MAYA 2.

The element MANGANESE is a metal that sits adjacent to the iron element in the Periodic Table of the Elements. Unlike Iron, MANGANESE does not oxidize very easily and is non-magnetic. Found in places like nodules on the ocean floor and within mangrove trees, MANGANESE is said to be able to improve memory in body cells if absorbed properly. Having the same atomic diameter as the iron element, MANGANESE can replace iron in the body -- however, "rusted" iron is essential in carrying oxygen throughout the body.

The word "Maya" is the general term given to the native inhabitants of the Yucatan and Guatemalan realm and who's pre-Columbian culture was once the site of a great Middle American civilization that flourished from the time of Christ to the conquest of the Toltecs. Their knowledge of calendrical mathematics created a Solar calendar as accurate as the Julian Calendar.

Mother of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha.

Nearly a century ago, several important scholars believed they figured out how the Maya recorded their historical timeline. Like the Jewish Calendar, they believed the Maya used a calendar based on a date of over five thousand years ago. This "long count theory" uses a count system of "stacking the numbers" wherein 77% of the Mayan Calendar was never counted by the Maya. However, a new set of discoveries in how the Maya truly counted time is based on a unique concept in deciphering glyphic emblems found throughout their realm. The NEW MAYAN CALENDAR uses the "tun" glyphic emblem as both a year day and a seasonal day announcement system -- which suggest a much smaller timeline count than the conventional interpretation of the Mayan Calendar. The discovery that the "tun" glyphic emblem resembles a steam-powered "whistle box" that announced a calendrical date of both a season and a year count, implies a new timeline that dates Mayan history to within about three centuries that existed just before the European Renaissance. See MAYA 1.

A special seven branched candelabrum used by Hebrews to celebrate CHANUKAH, the MENORAH was once a candel tool to measure an annual time marking ceremony in which each day of the last week of a fifty-two week calendar of seven days a week was marked with lighting one of the seven candles. Later, when it was learned that there exist more than 364 days in a year, the MENORAH lamp added an extra candle to account for the extra “pass-over” day to mark 365 days a year. A nine candle version MENORA may be based on the idea that every four years or so another extra “pass-over” candle was needed to balance the solar count within the popular lunar count calendar of the region. See CHANUKAH, JUBILEE, and CHRISTMAS.

Related to the Mayan family of native peoples and the SEMINOLE INDIANS, the MIAMI INDIANS of Florida and the Ohio Valley were a tribe of New World Indians that once used the Ogamic alphabet during trade and travel events -- which suggest historical links to the antediluvian maritime kingdom of ATLANTIS. See ATLANTEANS and OGAM.

A block of annual time that represents the time period of human events between ancient GRECO-ROMAN history and modern history. Establish by the NUREMBERG CHRONICLE document during the early Renaissance as having the value of about a thousand years, the true annual value of the MIDDLE AGES can now be measured to only about one century in length because of major mathematical and calendrical mistakes just recently discovered within the document. See NUREMBERG CHRONICLE.

Ancient Japanese shrine near Hiroshima dated to the same time period in which Sino-seafarers embarked eastward in "junk ships" to answer tales of treasure "beyond the sunrise".

A standing vessel located near the alter within a Christian church by which the Host is shown or exposed to the multitude. The word "monstrosity" may have originated from these sometimes large and highly elaborate vessels built in ancient times. See ALTAR and CRYSTAL MICROPHONE.

A biblical lawgiver and writer of the Pentateuch, MOSES liberated the working slaves of Egypt and lead them between a large mirage near the Sinai desert and the "reed sea" that appeared as a "wall of water". While MOSES documented his exodus in the Old Testament, he was given commandments from GOD byway of a tabernacle "pillar of fire" apparatus and BURNING BUSH device. Believed by many to be the first worshiper of a monotheistic religion related to ADAM and Abraham in an era when the art of worship included many idols and symbols of divine energy, MOSES represents the common holy leader in Hebraic and Christian religions. MOSES also created the linear Hebrew alphabet from PHOENICIAN logograms by using a scripture method of writing. See BURNING BUSH and JESUS CHRIST.

Natural north symbol; Up angle mark. (Ending statement sign)

Considered by some as "unwise" - that is not of the Homo Sapiens species, because species left little evidence of creating tools and no signs of farming. Native to Eurasia, this proto-human used fire, but probably did not create it.

Many believe that SAINT NICHOLAS, personified at CHRISTMAS as Santa Claus, was once a bishop that sailed around Europe and gave gifts to children -- however, the spirit of Santa Claus is based on a much older mythical view of a father-like character who was capable of piloting a flying chariot and rewarding patrons with gifts once a year. OCEANUS (NICO = OCIN = OCEAN) was once a father god that, according to legend, also flew his chariot across the sky like HELIOS flew his helicopter-like car.

The name of a great Indian chief in what is now the country of Nicaragua. NICO was said to have controlled a vast realm near what is now Lake Nicaragua during the early Spanish Conquest of Latin America. The capital of Nicaragua is named Managua as in the term "water-man" (Aqua = water).

The "mighty hunter before the Lord" (Genesis 10:9), NIMROD was the rebellious Assyrian King that built the TOWER OF BABEL. See TOWER OF BABEL.

Published by Hartmann Schedel one year after Columbus discovered a vast continental realm in the western Atlantic, the NUREMBERG CHRONICLE is a set of illustrative works that outlines and chronicles Western History from the first Patriarch named Adam to the Renaissance. Believed to have been used as reference material by other influential historians during the early printing era, this historical artwork is why conventional Old World Governmental History and the A.D. Calendar timeline is what it is -- an inflated annual record of human events that was created in an age when most scholars had a very poor understanding of true global history.

Circle sunlight symbol; Zero loop sign. (Spherical orb)

Oceanus was the Titan lord of the waters beyond the Greek world. Grandfather to King Atlas, Oceanus controlled the realm of the Titans and his name lives on in the Latin name OCEAN.

In Norse myth, ODIN was the leader of the AESIR in the city of ASGARD. See ASGARD.

Ogamic inscriptions have been found extensively throughout the British Isles and are now being discovered at sites in the New World and along the coast of western Europe. The primary Ogamic letters consist of fifteen consonants, which are displayed as simple linear marks, and five dot-like vowels. Other versions also include five diphthongs that are simple marks upon or adjacent to the main path line. Existing samples are somewhat short in length but contain important linguistic information. Ogamic communication techniques, which include drum beat patterns and smoke signal transmissions, could be sent over great distances. Even the fingers of the hand can gesture in Ogamic code. The western ATLANTEANS once used this lost style of sending messages among their colonies, but abandoned it after the Biblical Flood event in favor of the less repetitious "graphical" symbol layout of the Latin alphabet.

A term that describes conventional recorded Indo-European history from before the Renaissance. Founded by influential historians before and during the Renaissance, OLD WORLD GOVERNMENTAL HISTORY also includes event dates from Indo-Oriental history that have since been "solidified" by other historians since the Renaissance and during the European colonial conquest of the world. See NUREMBERG CHRONICLE, THE.

The Olmec civilization of Middle America has been called the "mother culture of the Caribbean Basin" by many historians. As ancestors to the Maya, the Olmec invented a remarkable mathematical language and an extraordinary calendar system based on the true Tropical-Solar Year. Large stone spherical objects and huge carved human heads found throughout Central America are testaments to their knowlege of cutting and moving megalithic works of art.

A city in Egypt, east of the Nile and about twenty miles north of Memphis, also called Heliopolis. The prehistoric site of Baalbek in what is now Lebanon was also known as Heliopolis within some ancient literature from the area. ON was the center of sun worship for priest. (Also the word printed just above many electric light-switches.)

Described by Plato as a very valuable hard workable substance that was mined or excavated in various parts of the Atlantean realm. Said to "gleam like fire" at times, ORICHALCH is a type of rose-colored granite. See ALKALINE FELDSPAR GRANITE.

Divided portion symbol; Half circle image.

The use of highly polished concave mirrors of magnetite, ilmenite, and hematite have been found at the Olmec site of La Venta. Referred to as "smoking mirrors" they were worn as pendants, buckles, and perhaps as fore-head light-reflectors by shamans - much like the doctors "head-lamp". Modern-day solar lighters use the same refraction principle. Satellite dishes are also based on the same radiant angle phenomenon.

Son of the Greek sun god Helios, Phaethon almost destroyed the Earth when he tried to drive his father's fiery chariot and lost control. What is perhaps a personified account of a celestial event about how the earth experienced a close encounter with a comet, this legend may also be based on a similar ancient story about how a young pilot crashed his dad's car or "flying chariot" -- given the idea that such a flying machine may have been technologically possible in antediluvian times. See COMET PHAETHON

Seafaring traders of the Old World who settled throughout the eastern Mediterranean realm, the PHOENICIANS invented the Latin alphabet by employing Ogamic vowel rules from the ARMORICANS with a graphical method of communication from Middle Eastern kingdoms. Traders in indigo and other unique items of value, the PHOENICIANS also visited the ATLANTEAN CONTINENT wherein evidence of their visit are found in discovered amphora jugs near Honduras and Brazil. See ALPHABET and ARMORICANS.

A mythical aerial apparition that returned to its nest every 500 (50) years to burn again from its own ashes. See FONT and ALTAR.

Chemical decomposition byway of radiation.

Electric energy produced by mechanical stress on a non-conducting crystal.

As one of the most prominent and influential philosophers in ancient history, Plato's writings have laid the foundation to many social and political subjects. Plato became teacher and founder of the first known institution of education called the ACADEMY in Athens. Of all the dialogues he wrote, the last story of his work called CRITIAS - wherein he describes the seaport and island of Atlantis, is perhaps the most famous.

An ancient multihull sailboat design that has one out-rigger which is used to sail windward by tacking back and forth with the out-rigger always upwind of the main hull. Once used like "seagoing pick-ups trucks" by Pacific seafarers, some PROAS and Catamarans where over 60' in length and could out sail European sailing ships like the one used by Captain James Cook during his Pacific explorations.

As a brother of Atlas, and son of the Titan IAPETOS and Oceanid CLYMENE, Prometheus stole the knowledge of "fire-making" from the heavens and taught mortal men how to use it. For this crime, the gods punished him.

Divided quarters symbol; Cut circle sign. (Circle kite with tail image)

Early this century archeologist uncovered hieroglyphical information from several Central American temple sites regarding an ancient legend that describes the presence of a blue-eyed, bearded white man by the Nahuatlan name of Quetzalcoatl who came to earth with the divine ability to control the winds of the universe. The Nahuatlan name of Quetzalcoatl translates into the English term "Feathered Serpent" or "Flying Snake" because the original "wind god" or "weatherman" of Middle America may have mastered the enchanting aerodynamic art of kite flying -- in which the kite-flyer used long hollow snake-skins for kite tail material and strong reptile hide with sticks for wing surfaces -- thus the word "Quetzalcoatl" personifies a person capable of piloting an elaborate bird-shaped kite with a long snake tail stabilizer.

Radiant sunray symbol; Solar horizon image. (Side view of sunray-beam on the horizon)

The science of using the decay rate of a carbon isotope to date artifacts beyond several centuries ago was developed about half a century ago. Because RADIO CARBON DATING science includes several important variable factors which can significantly influence test data beyond about a thousand years ago, all conventional test results taken since its inception should be considered unreliable. Because recent studies suggest the theoretical decay rate formula of the carbon-14 isotope beyond about a thousand years ago are based on a variety of rate data examples of the isotope in organic material from before about a thousand years ago - which factor in questionable "correction tables" that attempt to match conventional dated human historical events, a new view exist in which the RADIO CARBON DATING system has been compromised by faulty data and may be only reliable or verifiable to about a thousand years.

The last book of the New Testament is believed to be written by Saint John while on the island of Patmos in the eastern Aegean Sea. A new theory exist in which THE BOOK OF REVELATIONS may have originated from a collection of broken documents about past historical events that Saint John gathered from a ruin library once on the island. Instead of prophetic events to come, this book entry reveals abstract views of events that happened in the Middle East a very long time ago.

Spiral force symbol; Swerving path sign.

The term SATURNISM means lead poisoning perhaps because the Roman deity named Saturn -- or the Greek god Cronus (Kronus), ruled an ancient kingdom during the mythical "Golden Age" before the decline of the Roman Empire brought on by the use of LEAD in their plumbing. See LEAD and CERUSE.

An ceremonial staff held by a royal representative that represents authoritarian power. The original SCEPTER design may have once been based on a type of "crystal gun" device used by royal agents wherein PIEZOELECTRIC energy was projected from the staff to blind or shock targeted persons. See THOR.

Related to the CREEK INDIANS, many believe the SEMINOLE INDIANS "ran away" from the early treaty deals other CREEK INDIANS were signing with the southern American states. However, a new view of the early natives of Florida suggest the SEMINOLE INDIANS never "ran away" from any government but rather was invaded by other cultures that restricted their freedom of travel. Nearly a century ago and according to a book entitled "The Seminoles of Florida", the SEMINOLE INDIANS were divided into four main tribes - the Miami, the Big Cypress, the Talla-hassees and the Okeechobees.

The STADIA was the length of the first athletic foot race event of the Olympiads. Because the length of most all sport stadium playing fields worldwide measure at 100 yards (or about 304 feet, or 1/20th of a nautical mile), the original STADIA is probably about 100 meters -- and not the assumed measurement of about 608 feet, or 1/10th of a nautical mile, as stated in many dictionaries.

Trinity tree symbol; Patriarchal cross design.

In Norse myth, THOR was the son of ODIN. He is identified with his thunderous "hammer" which could strike a target from a distance and return like lighting. See ASGARD, THUNDERBOLT.

Also known as a "Carib ax", a THUNDERBOLT is a dark green, almost black, nodular stone shaped like a "celt" that is found, according to Bahamian natives, at the base of dead trees once struck by lightning. THUNDERBOLTS may be the rare petrified products of when lightning "electromagnetically precipitates" manganese salts within certain trees at the speed of light.

The greatest ship of her kind, the TITANIC was sunk by an ice-berg on her maiden voyage across the ATLANTIC OCEAN. See TITANS.

A family of large primordial gods that once battled with the Olympians. Because this family included such characters as OCEANUS and ATLAS, perhaps the original ATLANTEANS lost a battle, not with the Olympians, but rather with Mother Nature when COMET PHAETHON engulfed their kingdom with melted ice-cap water when it caused atmospheric heat as it crashed into the Sun. An ironic view exist if one compares the "sinking" of the TITANS by a rogue "snowball" comet -- with the sinking of the ship TITANIC by a iceberg in the Atlantic Ocean. See TITANIC.

A tribe of warlike natives that invaded the Mayan realm about the time of KULKULCAN. TOLTEC warlords can be found holding "fire cannons" or "flaming fire-rods" on several stele in what is now Central America. They are believed to have altered Mayan timekeeping habits and, as a result, destroyed the harvesting habits of the MAYA which led to their decline.

Always described as some kind of spiral mountain made of brick and mortar, the TOWER OF BABEL was the largest particle-beam tool of its kind in antediluvian times. Built by the Assyrian King NIMROD, this radio transmitting electromagnetic fountain design may have "backfired" and exploded when its "tower beam" reacted with the ozone layer of the upper atmosphere and blew the parabolic crater container out - thus creating the infamous Biblical "bottomless pit" story (Revelations 9:11). See PARABOLIC MIRRORS.

First documented in Western Literature by Plato when he describes the ATLANTEANS would met in their capital seaport every other fourth and fifth year, the TRANS-ATLANTEAN SOLAR CALENDAR is based on the True Tropical Year count of 365.2422 days by adding one extra "passover" day onto a yearly 365 day count every fourth and fifth year, together with a super extra "passover" day every fifty years. With a average total of 24.22 extra "passover" days every century, this remarkable calendar count was the most accurate solar calendar ever invented by man. Forgotten since the Biblical Flood, the timekeeping formulas of the TRANS-ATLANTEAN SOLAR CALENDAR were only recently discovered.

Collective force symbol; United together sign.

Vector viewpoint symbol; Vortex angle sign.

Seafaring natives of the North Atlantic realm, the VIKINGS appeared about the time KING ARTHUR disappeared. The VIKINGS were six (VI = 6) tribal kingdoms that were leftover to rule the North Atlantic realm after KING ARTHUR and are related to the ARMORICANS. See ARMORICANS.

In Norse myth, the banquet hall of the AESIR in ASGARD. See ASGARD.

Weaving motion symbol; Water movement sign. (Western water direction mark)

In Revelations 8:10/11 of the Holy Bible, WORMWOOD is defined as a "great star" that fell from heaven and made the earth's waters bitter as it burnt the land. Perhaps the word "WORMWOOD" identifies the leftover worm-ridden wooden artifacts from the antediluvian era of Atlantis. If COMET PHAETHON, which destroyed Atlantis, collided into the sun by vaporizing its metallic makeup into space, then, in turn, this action could cause a global fire storm and flood if the metallic particles reacted with the earth's atmosphere - thus destroying all wooden construction projects and associated artifacts. Many years later, any ancient worm-ridden wooden artifact - of which there must have been many examples, would be identified with the global event that destroyed the Atlantean era before the Biblical flood.

Mix across symbol; Cross cut mark.

Open up symbol; New angle design.

Separate parts symbol; Zigzag section sign. (Side view of "N" symbol)

The ancient name of the largest seaside city in the northeast Yucatan realm, ZAMA (now known as Tulum) means "the rising sun". Also the name of a Japanese city near Tokyo -- in the land of the "rising sun".

Spiritual ruler of the Grecian Empire, ZEUS was always depicted as a god with a face of radiant energy. ZEUS battled with the TITIANS and became a powerful ruler with the ability to "throw thunderbolts" like the Nordic lord of thunder named THOR. See TITIANS and THOR.

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