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THE ATLANTEAN GLOSSARY P1

by Duane K. McCullough



A: ACTION
Vibrant energy symbol; Arrow wing shape. (Lateen sail-rig design)

A.A.:
After Adam. A recent annual counting value system based on the conceptual birth date of the first Biblical patriarch named Adam as recorded by Moses and a new scientific review of global human history. When dating historical event dates after the birth of Adam, the symbols "A.A." are placed after the year count. See A.C., A.D., A.T., ADAM.

A.C.:
After Christ. A recent annual counting value system based on the conceptual birth date of Jesus Christ of the New Testament and a new scientific review of global human history. When dating historical event dates after the birth of Jesus Christ, the symbols "A.C." are placed after the year count. See A.A., A.D., Jesus Christ.

A.D.:
Anno Domini. A popular annual counting calendar system based on the assumed birth date of Jesus Christ as established during the Middle Ages by Dionysius Exiguus. When dating historical events, the symbols "A.D." are placed after or before the year count from the birth of Jesus Christ. The term "Anno Domini" is believed to mean the statement "In the year of our lord". New historical research suggest the controversial concept that, with the exception of the last five centuries, the "A.D." counting system is substantially incorrect because of fundamental dating errors created by influential publishers during the Renaissance. See OLD WORLD GOVERNMENTAL HISTORY, NUREMBERG CHRONICLE and C.E..

A.T.:
Atlantean Time. A new annual counting value calendar system based on a thousand years before the conceptual birth date of the first Biblical patriarch named Adam and a new scientific review of global human history. When dating historical event dates after a theoretical date that represents the general beginning of the Atlantean Civilization, the letter set symbols of "A.T." are placed after the year count. The symbol "@" can also be used instead of the "A.T." letter set symbols. See A.A., A.C., A.D..

ADAM:
The first Biblical patriarch recorded by Moses. Said to be exiled from the Garden of Eden by God because he and his spouse, Eve, ate the forbidden fruit. Adam is believed by many to be a fictional character in ancient times because no evidence, other than literary records, have been found as proof of his existence -- however, substantial numerical literary records of his approximate birth date does exist and suggest a date, which if measured properly, that should not be ignored when measuring the true annual accountability of global human history. According to new mathematical data based on Biblical records, the annual time count between Adam and the birth of Christ equals only about 304 years -- or about 3,761 Helenic months, instead of the 3,761 annual count as suggested in the A.D. calendar. See A.A.

AEGIS:
In Greek mythology, the AEGIS was a powerful disk or badge-like device that was used by certain gods as a defensive weapon or shield and is associated with the serpentine powers of the MEDUSA phenomenon. See MEDUSA and PARABOLIC MIRRORS.

AESIR:
In Norse myth, the AESIR were the gods who lived in ASGARD and were ruled by ODIN. See ASGARD.

ALGONQUIN:
Native Indian culture of eastern North America that ranged approximately from Labrador to Carolina and westward to the Great Plains. ALGONQUIN tribes once used smoke and drum signals to send messages great distances. Many unique earth mounds throughout eastern North America were built by the ALGONQUIN family of trading tribes. See IROQUOIAN LEAGUE.

ALKALINE FELDSPAR GRANITE:
The essential components of this intrusive igneous rock contains potassic feldspar quarts with biotite, pyrite, zircon, monazite, magnetite, tourmaline, and ilmenite. The appearance is rosy to dark red with bluish specks and can be found in marginal intrusions leading to magmatic depths. These granite rocks are highly prized as polished building slabs and are also used extensively in the extraction of rare earth-bearing minerals. See ORICHALCH.

ALPHABET:
A system of communication based on certain symbols or sounds that express meaningful concepts when understood properly. The first alphabet used by humans was not graphical symbols but coded mathematical values that could also be expressed as short or long sounds. The Latin alphabet is the result of five graphical vowel symbols that is interlaced among consonantal graphical symbols in such a way as to allow for a system of communication that is less repetitious and easier to memorize than the binary OGAMIC alphabet of early man. New scientific research also reveals that the modern Latin alphabet is based on ancient symbols that have pictographic origins which in some cases can spell a statement within a word if interpreted properly. See OGAM.

ALTAR:
An elevated place upon which a FONT receptacle was originally used to burn sacrificial offerings for religious purposes. See ARA.

AMEN 1:
AMEN-RA or AMEN was a nobel Egyptian god that was depicted as wearing a flat crown surmounted by two tall attenna-like wide plumes. A new theory suggest that AMEN or the "A-MAN" represents a nobel person who, in ancient Egypt, was capable of receiving "wireless messages" byway of his "crown antenna" and "crystal receiver" radio device. The Greek spelling of AMEN is AMMON.

AMEN 2:
The AMEN statement is voiced at the end of a prayer and is used to express a solemn ratification or hearty approval of what is stated.

AMERICA:
Many believe the continents of AMERICA were named almost five centuries ago by several European mapmakers in honor of the Italian sailor Amerigo Vespucci who charted portions of the western Atlantic during his expeditions. However, North and South AMERICA are technically two continents that would have been considered as one vast island to other seafarers at the time they were discovered. AMERICA is also identified as the New World wherein many believe the native inhabitants came from eastern Asia during the last Ice Age - however, new scientific anthropological studies suggest a unique version of early man, known as modern CRO-MAGNON MAN, may have originated within AMERICA and nautically colonized the shores of Afro-Eurasia. The term AMERICA may also be related to a sponsor of the English seafarer John Cabot known by the name of Richard Amerike. Once a Sheriff and Customs Officer of the port of Bristol, Amerike supplied John Cabot in his voyages to the New World with the deal that if any new lands were found his name would be associated with the discovery. Also, according to a new concept regarding how Amerigo Vespucci could have acquired coastal data of eastern North America, he may have been aboard a Spanish ship who encountered John Cabot's ship in the Caribbean and copied the map work of the English explorer. See ARMORICA and CRO-MAGNON MAN.

ANNUIT COEPTIS:
The Latin statement "ANNUIT COEPTIS" is found within "the great seal" emblem on the back of the United States dollar bill just above the "eye of God" pyramid image. New scientific studies suggest the statement expresses a conceptual view in which early timekeepers once used special crystal-base paint or magnetically ingrained stone material to optically reflect radiant starlight energy from pyramid tops as an annual measuring technique to mark the beginning of a new year. "ANNUIT COEPTIS" may mean "annual conception" or "yearly beginning" as a scientific statement when early timekeepers and governmental leaders wanted to express a method of measuring and counting annual time for official public record keeping. This scientific statement became the "new selected order" - as in the "Novus Ordo Seclorum" Latin statement also found within "the great seal" emblem.

ANTIDELUVIAN:
A term meaning or relating to a timeless age wherein historical events "before the deluge" or "before the Biblical Flood" took place. Because the destruction of the Atlantean Maritime Kingdom was the result of COMET PHAETHON, which caused the Biblical Flood, all global historical events and artifacts of that time period belong to the ANTIDELUVIAN era. See ATLANTIS 1.

ARA:
A constellation in the Southern Hemisphere just south of the constellation Scorpio. ARA represents the burning altar device once used by religious leaders to communicate with supernatural forces. See ALTAR and FONT.

ARK OF THE COVENANT:
A transportable radio chest capable of transmitting wireless messages by way of a particle-beam "arc-like" tower. Used by Moses to communicate with "the lord" and later brought to Jerusalem by David. See TOWER OF BABEL and BURNING BUSH.

ARMORICA or AREMORICA:
The Latin name of what is now northwestern France and the British Isles was once called Armorica because the Celtic words AR - or "on", and MOR - or mar, meaning "sea" as in "marine", portrayed a realm that was "upon the sea". It was here and in the English Channel that according to Caesar's war diary the area tribes were defeated because on the day of a major battle, there was no wind to drive the great sail-powered ships of the Celtic fleet, and as a consequence, the Roman manpowered galleys outmaneuvered their opponents and conquered the realm. See AMERICA.

ASGARD:
In Norse myth, the heavenly city where the great gods lived. It was connected to earth by a "rainbow bridge" known as BIFROST. See BIFROST.

ATLANTEAN CONTINENT, THE:
The New World of both north and south America is, by all respects, the ATLANTEAN CONTINENT that was "lost" during the Biblical Flood and then was "rediscovered" some five centuries ago by European seafarers. See ATLANTIS 1 and BACON, FRANCIS.

ATLANTEANS:
The native maritime inhabitants of the lost kingdom of ATLANTIS, whose realm included the shores of all global continents but became focused in what is now the American and Afro-Euraisan continents. Plato's Atlantean dialogues suggest that the inhabitants of the Hellenic region of the upper eastern Mediterranean realm rebelled against the global maritime kingdom of Atlantis just before a worldwide earthquake and flood event destroyed both governments. The Atlantean's important cultural role in Western History was made obscured when the rogue COMET PHAETHON caused a global flood and destroyed the seafaring trade links that once united them. See ATLANTIS 1.

ATLANTIS 1:
According to Plato, Atlantis was once three entities -- a great capital seaport, a large island continent, and the largest ever known maritime kingdom that used a remarkable technology to build a global trade system. Although the capital seaport and island continent is now understood by some to be located in the western Atlantic, west from the Pillars of Hercules (Straits of Gibraltar) -- the maritime kingdom also once included Tyrrhenia (Italy) and Libya (north Africa). In his Dialogues, TIMAEUS and CRITIAS, Plato documented that the capital city of Atlantis was engulfed by a major earthquake and sank into the Atlantic realm long ago. The Dialogues also refer to the idea that just before the earthquake, the inhabitants of Atlantis -- and their Old World allies, were attempting to "control" or "invade" the Hellenic region of the upper eastern Mediterranean realm. Some translators of Plato's Dialogues have dated his story of Atlantis to over nine-thousand years before Plato himself -- however, new scientific data suggest that the destruction of Atlantis can now be dated to only a few generations before the life of Plato. This new scientific research also now suggest that the lost Atlantean capital seaport once existed in Central America within a Guatemalan lake named Izabal and that the lost Atlantean continent is now known as the American continents. Plato's story has the appearance of being fictional because no apparent tangible evidence of the lost Atlantean seaport or continent realm has been found by conventional historians. Question as to the actual existence of Atlantis has inspired much literature regarding ancient history and lost civilizations. See ATLANTEANS

ATLANTIS 2:
Name given by the space agency of the United States government (NASA) to one of its most sophisticated aerospace planes. One of the five original American spacecraft, ATLANTIS represents one of the most important treasures in the field of aerospace.

ATLAS:
According to Greek legend, Atlas was a Titan - who, after the defeat of the Titans in their war with the Olympians, was condemned to bear the responsibility of the heavens upon his shoulders. Although his grandfather OCEANUS may have began the foundation of the Atlantean Kingdom, it was King Atlas who inherited the throne and united the kingdom.

AZTECS:
The Aztec were the native Indians that Cortez encountered when he marched westward from the east coast of what is now central Mexico. Led by Montezuma, the AZTECS were a collection of Nahuatl tribes that, at the time of the European Conquest of the New World, consolidated their governmental power from a greater regional culture that once existed long before Cortez conquered them with guns, armor and mounted horses. The AZTECS once conquered the TOLTECS who, in turned, invaded the Mayan realm several generations earlier.


B: BERTH
Bed base symbol; catamaran house shape. (End view of boat)

BACON, FRANCIS:
Famous English literary scholar who wrote many important stories during the time of Shakespeare some four centuries ago. In his work entitled "The New Atlantis", FRANCIS BACON suggest the idea that the lost continent of Atlantis was renamed "AMERICA" by conventional scholars who, because they did not realize or forgot the historical significance of the location and reality of the legendary civilization. See AMERICA and ATLANTIS 1.

BAAL, BEL:
An ancient sun god who's ogamic symbols of "B" and "L" represent a set of three vertical strikes that is the mark of "BEL" or "BAL". The "mark of BEL" has been found in places where the person or followers of the person may have visited or lived. See BELUS, OGAM.

BELIZE:
Formally the country of British Honduras, Belize is now a country that comprises a large portion of the southeastern Yucatan Peninsula. The word "Belize" is believed to have originated from the word "beacon" -- which, according to one theory, may have been from several light beacons found along the eastern shore. However, a new theory suggest that a larger "beacon" may have once existed in the area just south of BELIZE near LAKE IZABAL wherein a large parabolic dish once beamed chemical energy high into the sky. This unique beacon device may have been located near what was once the great seaport of ATLANTIS, but is now only a small trading post called El Estor - which means "the store". BELIZE was founded by British log cutters and traders who used to "go to the store" at El Estor up the Rio Dulce to LAKE IZABAL. The second largest barrier reef in the world lies along the eastern shore wherein on Lighthouse Reef exist a unique mysterious sinkhole.

BELUS:
A mythical seagod son of POSEIDON. See POSEIDON.

BIFROST:
In Norse myth, BIFROST was the "rainbow bridge" that the great gods used to communicate from ASGARD with earth. See ASGARD.

BURNING BUSH:
The fiery device that Moses communicated with "the Lord". This plasmatic static field generated by certain electrochemical reactions was capable of wireless Amplitude Modulation signals. The device was related in design and purpose to the ARK OF THE COVENANT. (Exodus 3:2) See TOWER OF BABEL and ARA.


C: CLOCK
Calendar time symbol; Crescent moon shape. (100 moons equals about 8 years)

CADUCEUS:
Used by Hermes, the CADUCEUS was a wing-topped staff tool that looked as if two snakes spiraled around the main shaft. This gyrostatic wand device may have once been useful in stabilizing the flight of Hermes' glider. It is now identified with the symbol of healing because it was once capable of entertaining observers with amazing aerial acrobatic tricks and therefore curing injured minds. See GOLDEN FLEECE.

CARIBBEAN:
The word CARIBBEAN is based on the perspective that when European explorers first visited the western tropical Atlantic realm they met native seafarers which carried with them edible beans for trade. Thought to be a version of the European legume called CAROB, the explorers named these native seafarers CARIBS that traded BEANS - and thus the name of the realm became known as the CARIBBEAN. However, the bean in question was not CAROB, but was rather COCOA - as in COCOA BEANS and is used to make THEOBROMINE CHOCOLATE - or "God's food" (Theo-broth). Both CAROB and COCOA are rich in natural nutrients, but COCOA contains the accelerate alkaloid CAFFEINE - which may have been the special "spice" that Columbus heard about because it came from places like JAVA and CATHAY (Coffee and Cafe). CAROB beans are smaller than COCOA beans and was the assumed food that St. John used to survive in the "wilderness" during his "western wanderings".

C.E.:
Common Era. A relatively new annual counting system based on the conceptual date of JESUS CHRIST and a scientific review of global human history. When dating historical events, the symbols "C.E." are placed adjacent to the year count relating to the approximate birth of JESUS CHRIST. The symbols "B.C.E." are used to express year events before the "Common Era". See A.D.

CERUSE:
White lead made of lead carbonate. Once used as a waxy paint to coat large surfaces. Plato said that the outer wall of the seaport city of Atlantis was covered with CERUSE - if so, then perhaps the Atlanteans and their Old World colonies may have suffered from SATURNISM, which in turned, could have resulted in a great civil war among our ancestors in ancient times. See SATURNISM.

CHANUKAH:
A yearly celebration ceremony lasting eight days practiced by the Hebrews that dedicates the reconstruction of their temple in Jerusalem after being victorious over the Assyrian occupation of the city, CHANUKAH is linked to a story wherein a special MENORAH seven branched candelabrum stayed miraculously lit in the temple much longer than it was capable because the oil within was only enough for one day. CHANUKAH was originally part of an annual time marking ceremony in which each day of the last week of a fifty-two week calendar of seven days a week was marked with lighting one of the seven candles. Later, when it was learned that there exist more than 364 days in a year, the MENORAH lamp added an extra candle to account for the extra "pass-over" day to mark 365 days a year. A nine candle version MENORAH may be based on the idea that every four years or so another extra "pass-over" candle was needed to balance the solar count within the popular lunar count calendar of the region. The CHANUKAH time marking ceremony also gave light to the "longest nights of the year" and is also associated with the "festival of lights" event that is similar to the Christmas season wherein colorful lights are used in the celebration Jesus Christ's birthday. See CHRISTMAS, JUBILEE and MENORAH.

CHRISTMAS:
The annual celebration of Christ's birthday, CHRISTMAS is identified with a celestial event in which "the star of Bethlehem" appeared in the sky long ago. The spirit of the annual event marks a period of time when many express thankfulness and merriment. The traditional habit of placing a conical shape tree with bright decorations within the main family room may be based on an ancient memory about how our ancestors once used a similar conical-like fountain beam of sparkling energy that transmitted wireless messages for communication reasons. New research suggest that although baby JESUS was born on CHRISTMAS, his "Coronation event" may have taken place three months later as "the nativity scene" in March under the "Eastern Star" event -- or "Easter" event of Comet Halley in the year of 1302 A.T.. See CHANUKAH, JUBILEE and ARK OF THE COVENANT.

COMET PHAETHON:
A theoretical celestial event that destroyed the protective ozone layer of earth when a rogue comet crashed into the sun just over nine centuries ago. Known as COMET PHAETHON, the naming of this catastrophic celestial event is based on the Greek legend wherein PHAETHON, a son of the celestial god in charge of piloting the daily solar chariot across the sky, misdirected his father's chariot too close to the earth and burnt the surface. Plato also refers to the PHAETHON legend when he describes the destruction of ATLANTIS. Also, the significance of a large super nova event in the Crab Nebula, dated to about nine and a half centuries ago, may relate to the cause of the COMET PHAETHON event. See PHAETHON and WORMWOOD.

COMET WEST:
In the winter of 1976 A.D.(976 AA.), COMET WEST was a spectacular sight in the early morning hours for almost a week before it eventually broke up into four parts and crashed into the sun. That year, earthquakes killed well over half a million people in China and nearly twenty-five thousand people in Guatemala. The epicenter of the Guatemala quake was only several miles from the western side of LAKE IZABAL - which is the theoretical site of the lost city of ATLANTIS. Many other earthquakes and destructive weather related events also took place around the globe that year. See COMET PHAETHON.

CREEK INDIANS:
A tribal family of American Indians native to southeastern North America that traveled more byway of canoe than land. Known to wear Mohawk haircuts, similar to Greek and Roman helmet designs, CREEK INDIANS are related to many other maritime Indians of North America. See SEMINOLE INDIANS.

CRO-MAGNON MAN, MODERN:
Considered the first prototype of the Homo Sapiens species, all living human beings are based on this anatomical design. CRO-MAGNON MAN is associated with human bone remains found in a western European cave that many paleontologists believe represents the latest matrix of human evolution. Used a wide range of tools and began the science of farming. Creates fire and sometimes knows how to use it.

CRUCIBLE:
A refractory vessel used for heating substances to very high temperatures. See HOLY GRAIL.

CRYSTAL MICROPHONE:
A device that uses a piezoelectric crystal to convert audible vibrations into electric impulses. See MONSTRANCE.

CUNIEFORM:
A form of writing on clay tablets using a wedge stylist, CUNIEFORM is a graphical method of expressing alphanumerical ideas based on images without any vowel rules. Used by the Sumerians of the Middle East, this ancient alphabet was superseded by ink-based scriptural writing when the Phoenicians colonized the realm long ago. See PHOENICIANS.


D: DIVIDE
Drive apart symbol; Delta wedge shape.

DEMOCRACY:
The concept of democracy is based on the simple principle that when making an important public decision, the majority vote should prevail because the will of the majority outweighs the wants of the minority. The methods of implementing a governmental institution based on this simple principle can be complicated, but are made proper if a pluralistic party system is used. Having a viable alternative in choosing between two or more forms of political parties improves the chances of greater governmental management -- because if one party should fail, the other party, or parties, would have at least some experience in directing the affairs of the country. The origins of the first democratic government can be traced to the Atlantean maritime kingdom wherein Plato wrote "The king should have no power over the life of any kinsmen, save with the approval of more than half of the ten". See ATLANTEANS.


E: ENERGY
Emitting power symbol; Eastern sunrise direction sign. (Trident force design)

ENGLISH:
The Anglo-Saxon peoples of Northern Europe and the British Isles may have invented the alphabetical rules of ENGLISH, but the ENGLISH vocabulary, together with the Latin alphabet, was developed over many generations throughout the world. Although there are many forms of Latin, the ENGLISH version retains greater typographical perimeters than all others, and is read by more than 400 million people. Moreover, ENGLISH technology safely took men to the moon and back - a claim that no other language can match.

EUGENICS:
A scientific movement devoted to the enrichment of the human species by regulating heredity.

EUTHENICS:
A scientific movement dedicated to improve the human species by managing the environment.

EXCALIBUR:
Identified as the sword of King Arthur, this thermoelectric tool was capable of scoring through stone by using a thermit-like substance (Staurolite stone crystals) and a parabolic lens of Platinum. Together with his mentor Merlin, King Arthur discovered a way to "pull the energy of a sword out of a stone" - and therefore became the rulers of the British Kingdom long ago. See HOLY GRAIL.


F: FAMILY
Folk emblem symbol; Flying flag shape.

FLAMING SWORD:
According to Genesis 3.24, a FLAMING SWORD "which turned every way" was placed at the east of the GARDEN OF EDEN "to keep the way of the tree of life". New scientific research suggest that this ancient fiery apparition may have been a parabolic lens fitted to a gimbal device which could beam PIEZOELECTRIC energy great distances. See TOWER OF BABEL and PARABOLIC MIRRORS.

FREYA:
In Norse myth, FREYA was the daughter of ODIN (or Njord) and Frigga. She is identified with the goddess of love and beauty. FREYA wore a unique suit or dress that allowed her to fly like a Frigate bird from ASGARD. See ASGARD.

FONT:
A receptacle near the ALTAR used to hold water or fuel for a lamp. See CRUCIBLE.


G: GRAVITY
Spirit force symbol; Gyroscopic path sign.

GRECO-ROMAN HISTORY:
The time period that includes both Greek and Roman history. Basically measured by the Olympiad count of 292 events, some historians also include the time period beyond the last Olympiad until Rome was "sacked" by the "barbarian invasions".

GOD
The supreme ruling spirit-like being that many refer to as the "good force" in nature. First recorded in print by Moses in his Pentateuch scriptures, GOD is the almighty lord who directs his destiny by speaking to him from the BURNING BUSH. According to Plato, a regional kingdom within the Pillars of Hercules was once named Gadira and was once one of the original ten maritime kingdoms from the Atlantean age. See BURNING BUSH.

GOLD:
An unreactive transition metal, GOLD is the most durable, ductile and elastic element of the PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS. GOLD is found naturally as crystals, accumulated grains in quarts, solid nuggets in placer deposits, and even as microscopic particles in seawater. The only malleable yellow metal, GOLD serves as a monetary reserve material and is used in jewelry, scientific apparatus equipment, dentistry and photography. Highly resistant to acids and corrosion, GOLD does not oxidize at all and conducts electricity better than any element except silver. Gold-chlorite salts are used to treat arthritis. The dietary accumulation of chelated GOLD byway of certain plants or animals may help in cellular durability in the body resulting in better memory during cell replication. GOLD can be become soluble in a solution of four parts hydrochloric acid to one part manganese oxide. Throughout human history, the quest to acquire GOLD and the monetary value it represents has resulted in more human endeavors in search of treasure than any other metallic element.

GOLDEN FLEECE:
Identified as the "wondrous ram" that HERMES piloted during the heroic rescue of two children near a seaside cliff, the GOLDEN FLEECE is a lost deltoid kite design that was once used in antediluvian times to carry messages and perhaps small cargo items between outpost of the Atlantean Maritime Kingdom. Related to the CADUCEUS design because of its amazing and enchanting mental healing qualities, this ancient ram-shaped aircraft design was the treasure item that Jason and his Argonauts searched for in their nautical quest long ago. See CADUCEUS.

GOLDEN SECTION:
The GOLDEN SECTION is a term that describes a unique measurement phenomenon in nature wherein the off-centered proportional finite value of about 5 to 8 represents a measurement with infinite values. Valued at the 61.8% mark, this proportional value can be used in design and construction to build stronger items than if divided at the 50% mark. Early logos of this unique and yet natural concept can be found in the pentagonal star and even the Latin Cross. The mathematical concept known as the Fibonacci Sequences are also founded on this special proportional principle of measurement.

GUATEMALA:
The Latin name given to most all of Central America during the early Spanish conquest. Now a country name of a region southeast of Mexico, west and southwest of Belize and northwest of Honduras. Its capital lies near a lake named Lake Atitlan and nearby volcanoes are evidence of substantial geological transformation action still taking place in the area.


H: HOUSE
Home place symbol; floor plan design.

HELIOS
The Greek sun god, HELIOS was know to fly his helicopter-like chariot across the sky. According to legend, HELIOS had a son named Aeetes who stole the GOLDEN FLEECE, but lost it to Jason and the Argonauts. See GOLDEN FLEECE.

HERMES:
Olympian messenger of the Greek gods usually shown wearing a winged hat and winged sandals and carrying the CADUCEUS wand. His father and mother was ZEUS and MAIA. He was the hero pilot that flew the ram-like GOLDEN FLEECE to save two children from being sacrificed from a seaside cliff. He is identified in Roman mythology as Mercury. See GOLDEN FLEECE.

HESPERIDES:
Daughters of King ATLAS, they lived on an enchanted island in the western sea and grew GOLDEN APPLES in their garden. A fiery dragon-like apparition guarded their garden much like the FLAMING SWORD guarded the garden of Eden.

HOLY GRAIL:
According to a cryptic Welsh poem, the Grail was a "magic cauldron" that King Arthur and his men searched for. Later, the story became identified with the SILVER CHALICE that Christ used at the Last Supper. It was capable of "enlightening the masses". See PARABOLIC MIRRORS and EXCALIBUR.

HOMO ERECTUS:
Considered the first primate to use any significant tool and to walk upright. Found in Africa and some variants of this species in Asia. Did not create fire but may have used it.


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