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by Duane K. McCullough

Vibrant energy symbol; Arrow wing shape. (Lateen sail-rig design)

After Adam. A recent annual counting value system based on the conceptual birth date of the first Biblical patriarch named Adam as recorded by Moses and a new scientific review of global human history. When dating historical event dates after the birth of Adam, the symbols "A.A." are placed after the year count. See A.D., A.T., ADAM.

Anno Domini. A popular annual counting calendar system based on the assumed birth date of Jesus Christ as established during the Middle Ages by Dionysius Exiguus. When dating historical events, the symbols "A.D." are placed after or before the year count from the birth of Jesus Christ. The term "Anno Domini" is believed to mean the statement "In the year of our lord". New historical research suggest the controversial concept that, with the exception of the last five centuries, the "A.D." counting system is substantially incorrect because of fundamental dating errors created by influential publishers during the Renaissance. See OLD WORLD GOVERNMENTAL HISTORY, NUREMBERG CHRONICLE and C.E..

Atlantean Time. A new annual counting value calendar system based on a thousand years before the conceptual birth date of the first Biblical patriarch named Adam and a new scientific review of global human history. When dating historical event dates after a theoretical date that represents the general beginning of the Atlantean Civilization, the letter set symbols of "A.T." are placed after the year count. The symbol "@" can also be used instead of the "A.T." letter set symbols. See A.A., A.D..

The first Biblical patriarch recorded by Moses. Said to be exiled from the Garden of Eden by God because he and his spouse, Eve, ate the forbidden fruit. Adam is believed by many to be a fictional character in ancient times because no evidence, other than literary records, have been found as proof of his existence -- however, substantial numerical literary records of his approximate birth date does exist and suggest a date, which if measured properly, that should not be ignored when measuring the true annual accountability of global human history. According to new mathematical data based on Biblical records, the annual time count between Adam and the birth of Christ equals only about 304 years -- or about 3,761 Helenic months, instead of the 3,761 annual count as suggested in the A.D. calendar. See A.A.

In Greek mythology, the AEGIS was a powerful disk or badge-like device that was used by certain gods as a defensive weapon or shield and is associated with the serpentine powers of the MEDUSA phenomenon. See MEDUSA and PARABOLIC MIRRORS.

In Norse myth, the AESIR were the gods who lived in ASGARD and were ruled by ODIN. See ASGARD.

Native Indian culture of eastern North America that ranged approximately from Labrador to Carolina and westward to the Great Plains. ALGONQUIN tribes once used smoke and drum signals to send messages great distances. Many unique earth mounds throughout eastern North America were built by the ALGONQUIN family of trading tribes. See IROQUOIAN LEAGUE.

The essential components of this intrusive igneous rock contains potassic feldspar quarts with biotite, pyrite, zircon, monazite, magnetite, tourmaline, and ilmenite. The appearance is rosy to dark red with bluish specks and can be found in marginal intrusions leading to magmatic depths. These granite rocks are highly prized as polished building slabs and are also used extensively in the extraction of rare earth-bearing minerals. See ORICHALCH.

A system of communication based on certain symbols or sounds that express meaningful concepts when understood properly. The first alphabet used by humans was not graphical symbols but coded mathematical values that could also be expressed as short or long sounds. The Latin alphabet is the result of five graphical vowel symbols that is interlaced among consonantal graphical symbols in such a way as to allow for a system of communication that is less repetitious and easier to memorize than the binary OGAMIC alphabet of early man. New scientific research also reveals that the modern Latin alphabet is based on ancient symbols that have pictographic origins which in some cases can spell a statement within a word if interpreted properly. See OGAM.

An elevated place upon which a FONT receptacle was originally used to burn sacrificial offerings for religious purposes. See ARA.

AMEN-RA or AMEN was a nobel Egyptian god that was depicted as wearing a flat crown surmounted by two tall attenna-like wide plumes. A new theory suggest that AMEN or the "A-MAN" represents a nobel person who, in ancient Egypt, was capable of receiving "wireless messages" byway of his "crown antenna" and "crystal receiver" radio device. The Greek spelling of AMEN is AMMON.

The AMEN statement is voiced at the end of a prayer and is used to express a solemn ratification or hearty approval of what is stated.

Many believe the continents of AMERICA were named almost five centuries ago by several European mapmakers in honor of the Italian sailor Amerigo Vespucci who charted portions of the western Atlantic during his expeditions. However, North and South AMERICA are technically two continents that would have been considered as one vast island to other seafarers at the time they were discovered. AMERICA is also identified as the New World wherein many believe the native inhabitants came from eastern Asia during the last Ice Age - however, new scientific anthropological studies suggest a unique version of early man, known as modern CRO-MAGNON MAN, may have originated within AMERICA and nautically colonized the shores of Afro-Eurasia. The term AMERICA may also be related to a sponsor of the English seafarer John Cabot known by the name of Richard Amerike. Once a Sheriff and Customs Officer of the port of Bristol, Amerike supplied John Cabot in his voyages to the New World with the deal that if any new lands were found his name would be associated with the discovery. Also, according to a new concept regarding how Amerigo Vespucci could have acquired coastal data of eastern North America, he may have been aboard a Spanish ship who encountered John Cabot's ship in the Caribbean and copied the map work of the English explorer. See ARMORICA and CRO-MAGNON MAN.

The Latin statement "ANNUIT COEPTIS" is found within "the great seal" emblem on the back of the United States dollar bill just above the "eye of God" pyramid image. New scientific studies suggest the statement expresses a conceptual view in which early timekeepers once used special crystal-base paint or magnetically ingrained stone material to optically reflect radiant starlight energy from pyramid tops as an annual measuring technique to mark the beginning of a new year. "ANNUIT COEPTIS" may mean "annual conception" or "yearly beginning" as a scientific statement when early timekeepers and governmental leaders wanted to express a method of measuring and counting annual time for official public record keeping. This scientific statement became the "new selected order" - as in the "Novus Ordo Seclorum" Latin statement also found within "the great seal" emblem.

A term meaning or relating to a timeless age wherein historical events "before the deluge" or "before the Biblical Flood" took place. Because the destruction of the Atlantean Maritime Kingdom was the result of COMET PHAETHON, which caused the Biblical Flood, all global historical events and artifacts of that time period belong to the ANTIDELUVIAN era. See ATLANTIS 1.

A constellation in the Southern Hemisphere just south of the constellation Scorpio. ARA represents the burning altar device once used by religious leaders to communicate with supernatural forces. See ALTAR and FONT.

A transportable radio chest capable of transmitting wireless messages by way of a particle-beam "arc-like" tower. Used by Moses to communicate with "the lord" and later brought to Jerusalem by David. It is believed that the radio chest used a coded binary language based on the Ogamic alphabet -- which Moses converted into the paragraphical scripture alphabet of the Hebrews while writing the first five books of the Old Testament known as the Pentateuch. See OGAM, TOWER OF BABEL and BURNING BUSH.

The Latin name of what is now northwestern France and the British Isles was once called Armorica because the Celtic words AR - or "on", and MOR - or mar, meaning "sea" as in "marine", portrayed a realm that was "upon the sea". It was here and in the English Channel that according to Caesar's war diary the area tribes were defeated because on the day of a major battle, there was no wind to drive the great sail-powered ships of the Celtic fleet, and as a consequence, the Roman manpowered galleys outmaneuvered their opponents and conquered the realm. See AMERICA.

In Norse myth, the heavenly city where the great gods lived. It was connected to earth by a "rainbow bridge" known as BIFROST. See BIFROST.

The New World of both north and south America is, by all respects, the ATLANTEAN CONTINENT that was "lost" during the Biblical Flood and then was "rediscovered" some five centuries ago by European seafarers. See ATLANTIS 1 and BACON, FRANCIS.

The native maritime inhabitants of the lost kingdom of ATLANTIS, whose realm included the shores of all global continents but became focused in what is now the American and Afro-Euraisan continents. Plato's Atlantean dialogues suggest that the inhabitants of the Hellenic region of the upper eastern Mediterranean realm rebelled against the global maritime kingdom of Atlantis just before a worldwide earthquake and flood event destroyed both governments. The Atlantean's important cultural role in Western History was made obscured when the rogue COMET PHAETHON caused a global flood and destroyed the seafaring trade links that once united them. See ATLANTIS 1.

According to Plato, Atlantis was once three entities -- a great capital seaport, a large island continent, and the largest ever known maritime kingdom that used a remarkable technology to build a global trade system. Although the capital seaport and island continent is now understood by some to be located in the western Atlantic, west from the Pillars of Hercules (Straits of Gibraltar) -- the maritime kingdom also once included Tyrrhenia (Italy) and Libya (north Africa). In his Dialogues, TIMAEUS and CRITIAS, Plato documented that the capital city of Atlantis was engulfed by a major earthquake and sank into the Atlantic realm long ago. The Dialogues also refer to the idea that just before the earthquake, the inhabitants of Atlantis -- and their Old World allies, were attempting to "control" or "invade" the Hellenic region of the upper eastern Mediterranean realm. Some translators of Plato's Dialogues have dated his story of Atlantis to over nine-thousand years before Plato himself -- however, new scientific data suggest that the destruction of Atlantis can now be dated to only a few generations before the life of Plato. This new scientific research also now suggest that the lost Atlantean capital seaport once existed in Central America within a Guatemalan lake named Izabal and that the lost Atlantean continent is now known as the American continents. Plato's story has the appearance of being fictional because no apparent tangible evidence of the lost Atlantean seaport or continent realm has been found by conventional historians. Question as to the actual existence of Atlantis has inspired much literature regarding ancient history and lost civilizations. See ATLANTEANS

Name given by the space agency of the United States government (NASA) to one of its most sophisticated aerospace planes. One of the five original American spacecraft, ATLANTIS represents one of the most important treasures in the field of aerospace.

According to Greek legend, Atlas was a Titan - who, after the defeat of the Titans in their war with the Olympians, was condemned to bear the responsibility of the heavens upon his shoulders. Although his grandfather OCEANUS may have began the foundation of the Atlantean Kingdom, it was King Atlas who inherited the throne and united the kingdom.

The Aztec were the native Indians that Cortez encountered when he marched westward from the east coast of what is now central Mexico. Led by Montezuma, the AZTECS were a collection of Nahuatl tribes that, at the time of the European Conquest of the New World, consolidated their governmental power from a greater regional culture that once existed long before Cortez conquered them with guns, armor and mounted horses. The AZTECS once conquered the TOLTECS who, in turned, invaded the Mayan realm several generations earlier.

Bed base symbol; catamaran house shape. (End view of boat)

Famous English literary scholar who wrote many important stories during the time of Shakespeare some four centuries ago. In his work entitled "The New Atlantis", FRANCIS BACON suggest the idea that the lost continent of Atlantis was renamed "AMERICA" by conventional scholars who, because they did not realize or forgot the historical significance of the location and reality of the legendary civilization. See AMERICA and ATLANTIS 1.

An ancient sun god worshipped by the PHOENICIANS -- who's ogamic symbols of "B" and "L" represent a set of three vertical strikes that is the mark of "BEL" or "BAL". The "mark of BEL" has been found in places where the person or followers of the person may have visited or lived. See BELIZE, BELUS, OGAM and PHOENICIANS.

Formally the country of British Honduras, Belize is now a country that comprises a large portion of the southeastern Yucatan Peninsula. The word "Belize" is believed to have originated from the word "beacon" -- which, according to one theory, may have been from several light beacons found along the eastern shore. However, a new theory suggest that a larger "beacon" may have once existed in the area just south of BELIZE near LAKE IZABAL wherein a large parabolic dish once beamed chemical energy high into the sky. This unique beacon device may have been located at the once great seaport of ATLANTIS -- but now, what is left of the site area is only a small trading post called El Estor -- which means "the store". BELIZE was founded by British log cutters and traders who used to "go to the store" at El Estor up the Rio Dulce to LAKE IZABAL. The second largest barrier reef in the world lies along the eastern shore wherein on Lighthouse Reef exist a unique mysterious sinkhole.


In Norse myth, BIFROST was the "rainbow bridge" that the great gods used in ANTIDELUVIAN times to communicate or travel to and from ASGARD in heaven and the earth below. See ANTIDELUVIAN and ASGARD.

The fiery device that Moses communicated with "the Lord". This plasmatic static field generated by certain electrochemical reactions was capable of wireless Amplitude Modulation signals. The device was related in design and purpose to the ARK OF THE COVENANT. (Exodus 3:2) See TOWER OF BABEL and ARA.

Calendar time symbol; Crescent moon shape. (100 moons equals about 8 years)

Used by Hermes, the CADUCEUS was a wing-topped staff tool that looked as if two snakes spiraled around the main shaft. This gyrostatic wand device may have once been useful in stabilizing the flight of Hermes' glider. It is now identified with the symbol of healing because it was once capable of entertaining observers with amazing aerial acrobatic tricks and therefore curing injured minds. See GOLDEN FLEECE.

The word CARIBBEAN is based on the perspective that when European explorers first visited the western tropical Atlantic realm they met native seafarers which carried with them edible beans for trade. Thought to be a version of the European legume called CAROB, the explorers named these native seafarers CARIBS that traded BEANS - and thus the name of the realm became known as the CARIBBEAN. However, the bean in question was not CAROB, but was rather COCOA - as in COCOA BEANS and is used to make THEOBROMINE CHOCOLATE - or "God's food" (Theo-broth). Both CAROB and COCOA are rich in natural nutrients, but COCOA contains the accelerate alkaloid CAFFEINE - which may have been the special "spice" that Columbus heard about because it came from places like JAVA and CATHAY (Coffee and Cafe). CAROB beans are smaller than COCOA beans and was the assumed food that St. John used to survive in the "wilderness" during his "western wanderings".

Common Era. A relatively new annual counting system based on the conceptual date of JESUS CHRIST and a scientific review of global human history. When dating historical events, the symbols "C.E." are placed adjacent to the year count relating to the approximate birth of JESUS CHRIST. The symbols "B.C.E." are used to express year events before the "Common Era". See A.D.

White lead made of lead carbonate. Once used as a waxy paint to coat large surfaces. Plato said that the outer wall of the seaport city of Atlantis was covered with CERUSE - if so, then perhaps the Atlanteans and their Old World colonies may have suffered from SATURNISM, which in turned, could have resulted in a great civil war among our ancestors in ancient times. See SATURNISM.

A yearly celebration ceremony lasting eight days practiced by the Hebrews that dedicates the reconstruction of their temple in Jerusalem after being victorious over the Assyrian occupation of the city, CHANUKAH is linked to a story wherein a special MENORAH seven branched candelabrum stayed miraculously lit in the temple much longer than it was capable because the oil within was only enough for one day. CHANUKAH was originally part of an annual time marking ceremony in which each day of the last week of a fifty-two week calendar of seven days a week was marked with lighting one of the seven candles. Later, when it was learned that there exist more than 364 days in a year, the MENORAH lamp added an extra candle to account for the extra "pass-over" day to mark 365 days a year. A nine candle version MENORAH may be based on the idea that every four years or so another extra "pass-over" candle was needed to balance the solar count within the popular lunar count calendar of the region. The CHANUKAH time marking ceremony also gave light to the "longest nights of the year" and is also associated with the "festival of lights" event that is similar to the Christmas season wherein colorful lights are used in the celebration Jesus Christ's birthday. See CHRISTMAS, JUBILEE and MENORAH.

The annual celebration of Christ's birthday, CHRISTMAS is identified with a celestial event in which "the star of Bethlehem" appeared in the sky long ago. The spirit of the annual event marks a period of time when many express thankfulness and merriment. The traditional habit of placing a conical shape tree with bright decorations within the main family room may be based on an ancient memory about how our ancestors once used a similar conical-like fountain beam of sparkling energy that transmitted wireless messages for communication reasons. New research suggest that although baby JESUS was born on CHRISTMAS, his "Coronation event" may have taken place three months later as "the nativity scene" in March under the "Eastern Star" event -- or "Easter" event of Comet Halley in the year of 1302 A.T.. See CHANUKAH, JUBILEE and ARK OF THE COVENANT.

A theoretical celestial event that destroyed the protective ozone layer of earth when a rogue comet crashed into the sun just over nine centuries ago. Known as COMET PHAETHON, the naming of this catastrophic celestial event is based on the Greek legend wherein PHAETHON, a son of the celestial god in charge of piloting the daily solar chariot across the sky, misdirected his father's chariot too close to the earth and burnt the surface. Plato also refers to the PHAETHON legend when he describes the destruction of ATLANTIS. Also, the significance of a large super nova event in the Crab Nebula, dated to about nine and a half centuries ago, may relate to the cause of the COMET PHAETHON event. See PHAETHON and WORMWOOD.

In the winter of 1976 A.D.(1976 A.T.), COMET WEST was a spectacular sight in the early morning hours for almost a week before it eventually broke up into four parts and crashed into the sun. That year, earthquakes killed well over half a million people in China and nearly twenty-five thousand people in Guatemala. The epicenter of the Guatemala quake was only several miles from the western side of LAKE IZABAL - which is the now believed site of the lost city of ATLANTIS. Many other earthquakes and destructive weather related events also took place around the globe that year which may be related to the breakup of COMET WEST. See COMET PHAETHON.

A tribal family of American Indians native to southeastern North America that traveled more byway of canoe than land. Known to wear Mohawk haircuts, similar to Greek and Roman helmet designs, CREEK INDIANS are related to many other maritime Indians of North America. See SEMINOLE INDIANS.

Considered the first prototype of the Homo Sapiens species, all living human beings are based on this anatomical design. CRO-MAGNON MAN is associated with human bone remains found in a western European cave that many paleontologists believe represents the latest matrix of human evolution. Used a wide range of tools and began the science of farming. Creates fire and sometimes knows how to use it.

A refractory vessel used for heating substances to very high temperatures. Some CRUCIBLE vessels use ceramic materials in their makeup -- but the element of Platinum has been used throughout history to contain hot liquid metal materials. See ARA and HOLY GRAIL.

A device that uses a piezoelectric crystal to convert audible vibrations into electric impulses. See MONSTRANCE.

A form of writing on clay tablets using a wedge stylist, CUNIEFORM is a graphical method of expressing alphanumerical ideas based on images without any vowel rules. Used by the Sumerians of the Middle East, this ancient alphabet was superseded by ink-based scriptural writing when the PHOENICIANS colonized the realm long ago. See PHOENICIANS.

Drive apart symbol; Delta wedge shape.

The concept of democracy is based on the simple principle that when making an important public decision, the majority vote should prevail because the will of the majority outweighs the wants of the minority. The methods of implementing a governmental institution based on this simple principle can be complicated, but are made proper if a pluralistic party system is used. Having a viable alternative in choosing between two or more forms of political parties improves the chances of greater governmental management -- because if one party should fail, the other party, or parties, would have at least some experience in directing the affairs of the country. The origins of the first democratic government can be traced to the Atlantean maritime kingdom wherein Plato wrote "The king should have no power over the life of any kinsmen, save with the approval of more than half of the ten". See ATLANTEANS.

Emitting power symbol; Eastern sunrise direction sign. (Trident force design)

The Anglo-Saxon peoples of Northern Europe and the British Isles may have invented the alphabetical rules of ENGLISH, but the ENGLISH language and vocabulary -- together with the Latin alphabet, was developed over many generations throughout the world. Although there are many forms of Latin, the ENGLISH version retains greater typographical perimeters than all others, and is read by more than 400 million people. Moreover, the ENGLISH language has been spoken on the moon -- a claim that no other language can match.

A scientific movement devoted to the enrichment of the human species by regulating heredity.

A scientific movement dedicated to improve the human species by managing the environment.

Identified as the sword of King Arthur, this thermoelectric tool was capable of scoring through stone by using a thermit-like substance (Staurolite stone crystals) and a parabolic lens of Platinum. Together with his mentor Merlin, King Arthur discovered a way to "pull the energy of a sword out of a stone" -- and therefore became the rulers of the British Kingdom long ago. See HOLY GRAIL.

Folk emblem symbol; Flying flag shape.

According to Genesis 3.24, a FLAMING SWORD "which turned every way" was placed at the east of the GARDEN OF EDEN "to keep the way of the tree of life". New scientific research suggest that this ancient fiery apparition may have been a parabolic lens fitted to a gimbal device which could beam PIEZOELECTRIC energy great distances. See TOWER OF BABEL and PARABOLIC MIRRORS.

In Norse myth, FREYA was the daughter of ODIN (or Njord) and Frigga. She is identified with the goddess of love and beauty. FREYA wore a unique suit or dress that allowed her to fly like a Frigate bird from ASGARD. See ASGARD.

A bowl-like receptacle near the ALTAR used to hold water or fuel for a lamp. See ARA and CRUCIBLE.

Spirit force symbol; Gyroscopic path sign.

The time period that includes both Greek and Roman history. Basically measured by the Olympiad count of 292 events, some historians also include the time period beyond the last Olympiad until Rome was "sacked" by the "barbarian invasions".

The supreme ruling spirit-like being that many refer to as the "good force" in nature. First recorded in print by Moses in his Pentateuch scriptures, GOD is the almighty lord who directs his destiny by speaking to him from the BURNING BUSH. According to Plato, a regional kingdom within the Pillars of Hercules was once named Gadira and was once one of the original ten maritime kingdoms from the Atlantean age. See BURNING BUSH.

An unreactive transition metal, GOLD is the most durable, ductile and elastic element of the PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS. GOLD is found naturally as crystals, accumulated grains in quarts, solid nuggets in placer deposits, and even as microscopic particles in seawater. The only malleable yellow metal, GOLD serves as a monetary reserve material and is used in jewelry, scientific apparatus equipment, dentistry and photography. Highly resistant to acids and corrosion, GOLD does not oxidize at all and conducts electricity better than any element except silver. Gold-chlorite salts are used to treat arthritis. The dietary accumulation of chelated GOLD byway of certain plants or animals may help in cellular durability in the body resulting in better memory during cell replication. GOLD can be become soluble in a solution of four parts hydrochloric acid to one part manganese oxide. Throughout human history, the quest to acquire GOLD and the monetary value it represents has resulted in more human endeavors in search of treasure than any other metallic element.

Identified as the "wondrous ram" that HERMES piloted during the heroic rescue of two children near a seaside cliff, the GOLDEN FLEECE is a lost deltoid kite design that was once used in antediluvian times to carry messages and perhaps small cargo items between outpost of the Atlantean Maritime Kingdom. Related to the CADUCEUS design because of its amazing and enchanting mental healing qualities, this ancient ram-shaped aircraft design was the treasure item that Jason and his Argonauts searched for in their nautical quest long ago. See CADUCEUS and HERMES.

The GOLDEN SECTION is a term that describes a unique measurement phenomenon in nature wherein the off-centered proportional finite value of about 5 to 8 represents a measurement with infinite values. Valued at the 61.8% mark, this proportional value can be used in design and construction to build stronger items than if divided at the 50% mark. Early logos of this unique and yet natural concept can be found in the pentagonal star and even the Latin Cross. The mathematical concept known as the Fibonacci Sequences are also founded on this special proportional principle of measurement.

The Latin name given to most all of Central America during the early Spanish conquest. Now a country name of a region southeast of Mexico, west and southwest of Belize and northwest of Honduras. Its capital lies near a lake named Lake Atitlan and nearby volcanoes are evidence of substantial geological transformation action still taking place in the area.

Home place symbol; floor plan design.

The Greek sun god, HELIOS was know to fly his helicopter-like chariot across the sky. According to legend, HELIOS had a son named Aeetes who stole the GOLDEN FLEECE, but lost it to Jason and the Argonauts. See GOLDEN FLEECE.

Olympian messenger of the Greek gods usually shown wearing a winged hat and winged sandals and carrying the CADUCEUS wand. His father and mother was ZEUS and MAIA. He was the hero pilot that flew the ram-like GOLDEN FLEECE to save two children from being sacrificed from a seaside cliff. He is identified in Roman mythology as Mercury. See GOLDEN FLEECE.

Daughters of King ATLAS, they lived on an enchanted island in the western sea and grew GOLDEN APPLES in their garden. A fiery dragon-like apparition guarded their garden much like the FLAMING SWORD guarded the garden of Eden.

According to a cryptic Welsh poem, the Grail was a "magic cauldron" at the end of "the rainbow" that King Arthur and his men searched for. Later, the story became identified with the SILVER CHALICE that Christ used at the Last Supper. It was capable of "enlightening the masses". See BIFROST, PARABOLIC MIRRORS and EXCALIBUR.

Considered the first primate to use any significant tool and to walk upright. Found in Africa and some variants of this species in Asia. Did not create fire but may have used it.

Individual life symbol; Upright post image.

The origin of the word "Indian" comes from the enterprising concept in which tribes who traded in indigo dye were referred to as "INDIANS" by European merchants. Indigo dye was very useful in making permanent inks and coloring matter in items of trade. From the Phoenicians, who gathered royal purple dye from shellfish fluids to other seafaring peoples that gathered indigo plants and wood for trade, all were originally referred to as "traders of indigo" or "INDIANS".

A collection of many tribes native to the upper central North America continent, the IROQUOIAN LEAGUE displayed traits of democratic rule at a time when early European colonist still govern themselves by autocratic rule. Eventually the league fell apart when the forces of European colonial expansion dismembered them. Over time, the democratic habits of the IROQUOIAN LEAGUE were reborn in the new colony governments of what became the United States of America.

A unique lake in eastern Guatemala that sits upon a major fault line which separates the American Plate from the Caribbean Plate, LAKE IZABAL is the site area from which native traders from north and south America and the West Indies sailed to and exchange items of commerce long ago. Open to the Caribbean Sea byway of the Rio Dulce waterway, this lake area was the home to where the original natives once carved a major city out of a nearby rock hill that became the lost site of history's greatest mystery -- the garden seaport city of ATLANTIS.

Legal letter symbol; Check mark sign.

Perhaps one of the most important persons to have existed in ancient times, JESUS CHRIST was a teacher of good moral values who was publicly sacrificed by the government on a high-cross pole as an everlasting reminder of how "the good" can be destroyed by "human ignorance". The conventional date of his birth nearly twenty centuries ago is now being challenged by new scientific data which suggest he lived only about seven centuries ago. JESUS CHRIST eventually replaced the spiritual leader of the Grecian Empire once known as "The Zeus" -- or ZEUS. See A.D., MOSES and ZEUS.

Mentioned in the Holy Bible as a ceremonial time event that took place about every 50 years (Leviticus 25.8-9), the original ceremonial time event was actually an annual "pass-over" day -- or "leap" day event, that also became identified with other time alignment ceremonial events. (Ju = the, BIL = bell = ringing the Bell -- or blowing the ram's horn) See CHRISTMAS.

Calendar leader symbol; Crescent angle sign. (Crown keeper)

Sometimes misidentified as the wind-god Quetzalcoatl, KUKULCAN may have been the baldheaded oriental monk who also knew how to fly long tailed kites that mesmerized onlookers. KUKULCAN arrived about the time of the Toltec invasion of what is now Central America which disrupted the annual timekeeping ways of the Maya. Human sacrificial habits also appeared about the time when KUKULCAN arrived on the scene. See QUETZALCOATL.

Legal lesson symbol; Square ruler shape. (Measuring tool design)

A very heavy - yet soft, metallic element that is poisonous if ingested. Chemical symbol "Pb" because the Romans used it in their "Plumbing". Many believe that the Roman Empire was slowly poisoned because their drinking water was contaminated by the LEAD plumbing they used. The discovery of LEAD as a slow poison was not discovered until about a century ago. The use of LEAD by humans throughout history has resulted in much discord among families and communities. See SATURNISM and CERUSE.

High place symbol; Mountain profile shape.

First of the seven daughters to Atlas and Pleione, Maia was beloved by Zeus and gave birth to Hermes. It is believed that the month of May was named in her honor because of the Spring ceremonies in which "May-flowers" were offered as tribute to the "Mother-goddess". (Maia = Ma = Mother) / Also the brightest star in the Pleiades star group. See MAYA 1 and MAYA 2.

The element MANGANESE is a metal that sits adjacent to the iron element in the Periodic Table of the Elements. Unlike Iron, MANGANESE does not oxidize very easily and is non-magnetic. Found in places like nodules on the ocean floor and within mangrove trees, MANGANESE is said to be able to improve memory in body cells if absorbed properly. Having the same atomic diameter as the iron element, MANGANESE can replace iron in the body -- however, "rusted" iron is essential in carrying oxygen throughout the body.

The word "Maya" is the general term given to the native inhabitants of the Yucatan and Guatemalan realm and who's pre-Columbian culture was once the site of a great Middle American civilization that flourished from the time of JESUS CHRIST to the conquest of the Toltecs. Their knowledge of calendrical mathematics created a Solar calendar as accurate as the Julian Calendar.

Mother of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha.

Nearly a century ago, several important scholars believed they figured out how the Maya recorded their historical timeline. Like the Jewish Calendar, they believed the Maya used a calendar based on a date of over five thousand years ago. This "long count theory" uses a count system of "stacking the numbers" wherein 77% of the Mayan Calendar was never counted by the Maya. However, a new set of discoveries in how the Maya truly counted time is based on a unique concept in deciphering glyphic emblems found throughout their realm. The NEW MAYAN CALENDAR uses the "tun" glyphic emblem as both a year day and a seasonal day announcement system -- which suggest a much smaller timeline count than the conventional interpretation of the Mayan Calendar. The discovery that the "tun" glyphic emblem resembles a steam-powered "whistle box" that announced a calendrical date of both a season and a year count, implies a new timeline that dates Mayan history to within about three centuries that existed just before the European Renaissance. See MAYA 1.

A special seven branched candelabrum used by Hebrews to celebrate CHANUKAH, the MENORAH was once a candel tool to measure an annual time marking ceremony in which each day of the last week of a fifty-two week calendar of seven days a week was marked with lighting one of the seven candles. Later, when it was learned that there exist more than 364 days in a year, the MENORAH lamp added an extra candle to account for the extra “pass-over” day to mark 365 days a year -- which made it an eight unit candelabrum. A nine candle version MENORA may be based on the idea that for every four years, another extra “pass-over” candle was needed to the design in order to balance the 365.25 full solar year count. The MENORAH lamp was once used as a "pass-over" day counting tool at the end of a solar calendar that superceeded a popular lunar count calendar count system of the region. See CHANUKAH, JUBILEE, and CHRISTMAS.

Related to the Mayan family of native peoples and the SEMINOLE INDIANS, the MIAMI INDIANS of Florida and the Ohio Valley were a tribe of New World Indians that once used the Ogamic alphabet during trade and travel events -- which suggest historical links to the antediluvian maritime kingdom of ATLANTIS. See ATLANTEANS and OGAM.

A block of annual time that represents the time period of human events between ancient GRECO-ROMAN history and modern history. Establish by the NUREMBERG CHRONICLE document during the early Renaissance as having the value of about a thousand years, the true annual value of the MIDDLE AGES can now be measured to only about one century in length because of major mathematical and calendrical mistakes just recently discovered within the document. See NUREMBERG CHRONICLE.

Ancient Japanese shrine near Hiroshima dated to the same time period in which Sino-seafarers embarked eastward in "junk ships" to answer tales of treasure "beyond the sunrise".

A standing vessel located near the alter within a Christian church by which the Host is shown or exposed to the multitude. The word "monstrosity" may have originated from these sometimes large and highly elaborate vessels built in ancient times. See ALTAR and CRYSTAL MICROPHONE.

A biblical lawgiver and writer of the Pentateuch, MOSES liberated the working slaves of Egypt and lead them between a large mirage near the Sinai desert and the "reed sea" that appeared as a "wall of water". While MOSES documented his exodus in the Old Testament, he was given commandments from GOD byway of a tabernacle "pillar of fire" apparatus and BURNING BUSH device. Believed by many to be the first worshiper of a monotheistic religion related to ADAM and Abraham in an era when the art of worship included many idols and symbols of divine energy, MOSES represents the common holy leader in Hebraic and Christian religions. MOSES also created the paragraphical linear Hebrew alphabet from Ogamic code values and PHOENICIAN logograms by using a scripture method of writing. See BURNING BUSH and JESUS CHRIST.

Natural north symbol; Up angle mark. (Ending statement sign)

Considered by some as "unwise" - that is not of the Homo Sapiens species, because species left little evidence of creating tools and no signs of farming. Native to Eurasia, this proto-human used fire, but probably did not create it.

Many believe that SAINT NICHOLAS, personified at CHRISTMAS as Santa Claus, was once a bishop that sailed around Europe and gave gifts to children -- however, the spirit of Santa Claus is based on a much older mythical view of a father-like character who was capable of piloting a flying chariot and rewarding patrons with gifts once a year. OCEANUS (NICO = OCIN = OCEAN) was once a father god that, according to legend, also flew his chariot across the sky like HELIOS flew his helicopter-like car.

The name of a great Indian chief in what is now the country of Nicaragua. NICO was said to have controlled a vast realm near what is now Lake Nicaragua during the early Spanish Conquest of Latin America. The capital of Nicaragua is named Managua as in the term "water-man" (Aqua = water).

The "mighty hunter before the Lord" (Genesis 10:9), NIMROD was the rebellious Assyrian King that built the TOWER OF BABEL. See BAAL, BEL and TOWER OF BABEL.

Published by Hartmann Schedel one year after Columbus discovered a vast continental realm in the western Atlantic, the NUREMBERG CHRONICLE is a set of illustrative works that outlines and chronicles Western History from the first Patriarch named Adam to the Renaissance. Believed to have been used as reference material by other influential historians during the early printing era, this historical artwork is why conventional Old World Governmental History and the A.D. Calendar timeline is what it is -- an inflated annual record of human events that was created in an age when most scholars had a very poor understanding of true global history.

Circle sunlight symbol; Zero loop sign. (Spherical orb)

Oceanus was the Titan lord of the waters beyond the Greek world. Grandfather to King Atlas, Oceanus controlled the realm of the Titans and his name lives on in the Latin name OCEAN.

In Norse myth, ODIN was the leader of the AESIR in the city of ASGARD. See ASGARD.

Ogamic inscriptions have been found extensively throughout the British Isles and are now being discovered at sites in the New World and along the coast of western Europe. The primary Ogamic letters consist of fifteen consonants, which are displayed as simple linear marks, and five dot-like vowels. Other versions also include five diphthongs that are simple marks upon or adjacent to the main path line. Existing samples are somewhat short in length but contain important linguistic information. Ogamic communication techniques, which include drum beat patterns and smoke signal transmissions, could be sent over great distances. Even the fingers of the hand can gesture in Ogamic code. The western ATLANTEANS once used this lost style of sending messages among their colonies, but abandoned it after the Biblical Flood event in favor of the less repetitious "graphical" symbol layout of the Latin alphabet.

A term that describes conventional recorded Indo-European history from before the Renaissance. Founded by influential historians before and during the Renaissance, OLD WORLD GOVERNMENTAL HISTORY also includes event dates from Indo-Oriental history that have since been "solidified" by other historians since the Renaissance and during the European colonial conquest of the world. See NUREMBERG CHRONICLE, THE.

The Olmec civilization of Middle America has been called the "mother culture of the Caribbean Basin" by many historians. As ancestors to the Maya, the Olmec invented a remarkable mathematical language and an extraordinary calendar system based on the true Tropical-Solar Year. Large stone spherical objects and huge carved human heads found throughout Central America are testaments to their knowlege of cutting and moving megalithic works of art.

A city in Egypt, east of the Nile and about twenty miles north of Memphis, also called Heliopolis. The prehistoric site of Baalbek in what is now Lebanon was also known as Heliopolis within some ancient literature from the area. ON was the center of sun worship for priest. (Also the word printed just above many electric light-switches.)

Described by Plato as a very valuable hard workable substance that was mined or excavated in various parts of the Atlantean realm. Said to "gleam like fire" at times, ORICHALCH is a type of rose-colored granite. See ALKALINE FELDSPAR GRANITE.

Divided portion symbol; Half circle image.

The use of highly polished concave mirrors of magnetite, ilmenite, and hematite have been found at the Olmec site of La Venta. Referred to as "smoking mirrors" they were worn as pendants, buckles, and perhaps as fore-head light-reflectors by shamans -- much like the doctors "head-lamp". Modern-day solar lighters use the same refraction principle. Satellite dishes are also based on the same radiant angle phenomenon.

Son of the Greek sun god Helios, Phaethon almost destroyed the Earth when he tried to drive his father's fiery chariot and lost control. What is perhaps a personified account of a celestial event about how the earth experienced a close encounter with a comet, this legend may also be based on a similar ancient story about how a young pilot crashed his dad's car or "flying chariot" -- given the idea that such a flying machine may have been technologically possible in antediluvian times. See COMET PHAETHON

Seafaring traders of the Old World who settled throughout the eastern Mediterranean realm, the PHOENICIANS invented the Latin alphabet by employing Ogamic vowel rules from the ARMORICANS with a graphical method of communication from Middle Eastern kingdoms. Traders in indigo and other unique items of value, the PHOENICIANS also visited the ATLANTEAN CONTINENT wherein evidence of their visit are found in discovered amphora jugs near Honduras and Brazil. See ALPHABET and ARMORICANS.

A mythical aerial apparition that returned to its nest every 500 (50) years to burn again from its own ashes. See FONT and ALTAR.

Chemical decomposition byway of radiation.

Electric energy produced by mechanical stress on a non-conducting crystal.

As one of the most prominent and influential philosophers in ancient history, Plato's writings have laid the foundation to many social and political subjects. Plato became teacher and founder of the first known institution of education called the ACADEMY in Athens. Of all the dialogues he wrote, the last story of his work called CRITIAS -- wherein he describes the seaport and island continent of Atlantis, is perhaps the most famous.

An ancient multihull sailboat design that has one out-rigger which is used to sail windward by tacking back and forth with the out-rigger always upwind of the main hull. Once used like "seagoing pick-ups trucks" by Pacific seafarers, some PROAS and Catamarans where over 60' in length and could out sail European sailing ships like the one used by Captain James Cook during his Pacific explorations.

As a brother of Atlas, and son of the Titan IAPETOS and Oceanid CLYMENE, Prometheus stole the knowledge of "fire-making" from the heavens and taught mortal men how to use it. For this crime, the gods punished him. See PARABOLIC MIRRORS and TOWER OF BABEL.

Divided quarters symbol; Cut circle sign. (Circle kite with tail image)

Early this century archeologist uncovered hieroglyphical information from several Central American temple sites regarding an ancient legend that describes the presence of a blue-eyed, bearded white man by the Nahuatlan name of Quetzalcoatl who came to earth with the divine ability to control the winds of the universe. The Nahuatlan name of Quetzalcoatl translates into the English term "Feathered Serpent" or "Flying Snake" because the original "wind god" or "weatherman" of Middle America may have mastered the enchanting aerodynamic art of kite flying -- in which the kite-flyer used long hollow snake-skins for kite tail material and strong reptile hide with sticks for wing surfaces -- thus the word "Quetzalcoatl" personifies a person capable of piloting an elaborate bird-shaped kite with a long snake tail stabilizer.

Radiant sunray symbol; Solar horizon image. (Side view of sunray-beam on the horizon)

The science of using the decay rate of a carbon isotope to date artifacts beyond several centuries ago was developed about half a century ago in 1952. Because RADIO CARBON DATING science includes several important variable factors which can significantly influence test data beyond about a thousand years ago, all conventional test results taken since its inception should be considered unreliable. Because recent studies suggest the theoretical decay rate formula of the carbon-14 isotope beyond about a thousand years ago are based on a variety of rate data examples of the isotope in organic material from before about a thousand years ago - which factor in questionable "correction tables" that attempt to match conventional dated human historical events, a new view exist in which the RADIO CARBON DATING system has been compromised by faulty data and may be only reliable or verifiable to about a thousand years.

The last book of the New Testament is believed to be written by Saint John while on the island of Patmos in the eastern Aegean Sea. A new theory exist in which THE BOOK OF REVELATIONS may have originated from a collection of broken documents about past historical events that Saint John gathered from a ruin library once on the island. Instead of prophetic events to come, this book entry may reveal abstract views of events that happened in the Middle East a very long time ago.

Spiral force symbol; Swerving path sign.

The term SATURNISM means lead poisoning perhaps because the Roman deity named Saturn -- or the Greek god Cronus (Kronus), ruled an ancient kingdom during the mythical "Golden Age" before the decline of the Roman Empire brought on by the use of LEAD in their plumbing. See LEAD and CERUSE.

An ceremonial staff held by a royal representative that represents authoritarian power. The original SCEPTER design may have once been based on a type of "crystal gun" device used by royal agents wherein PIEZOELECTRIC energy was projected from the staff to blind or shock targeted persons. See THOR.

Related to the CREEK INDIANS, many believe the SEMINOLE INDIANS "ran away" from the early treaty deals other CREEK INDIANS were signing with the southern American states. However, a new view of the early natives of Florida suggest the SEMINOLE INDIANS never "ran away" from any government but rather was invaded by other cultures that restricted their freedom of travel. Nearly a century ago and according to a book entitled "The Seminoles of Florida", the SEMINOLE INDIANS were divided into four main tribes - the Miami, the Big Cypress, the Talla-hassees and the Okeechobees.

The STADIA was the length of the first athletic foot race event of the Olympiads. Because the length of most all sport stadium playing fields worldwide measure at 100 yards (or about 304 feet, or 1/20th of a nautical mile), the original STADIA is about 100 meters -- and not the assumed measurement of about 608 feet, or 1/10th of a nautical mile, as stated in many dictionaries.

Trinity tree symbol; Patriarchal cross design.

In Norse myth, THOR was the son of ODIN. He is identified with his thunderous "hammer" which could strike a target from a distance and return like lighting. See ASGARD, PEZOELECTRICITY and THUNDERBOLT.

Also known as a "Carib ax", a THUNDERBOLT is a dark green, almost black, nodular stone shaped like a "celt" that is found, according to Bahamian natives, at the base of dead trees once struck by lightning years after the wood decays away. THUNDERBOLTS may be the rare petrified products of when lightning "electromagnetically precipitates" manganese salts within the plasma wood-fiber of certain trees into a solid tear-drop shape like object at the speed of light.

The greatest ship of her kind, the TITANIC was sunk by an iceberg on her maiden voyage across the ATLANTIC OCEAN. See TITANS.

A family of large primordial gods that once battled with the Olympians. Because this family included such characters as OCEANUS and ATLAS, perhaps the original ATLANTEANS lost a battle, not with the Olympians, but rather with Mother Nature when COMET PHAETHON crashed into the Sun -- which resulted in a Solar Flare event that heated Earth's atmosphere and caused melted ice-cap water of "40-days and 40-nights" to engulfed their maritime kingdom long ago in ANTIDELUVIAN times. An ironic view exist if one compares the "sinking" of the TITANS by a rogue "iceberg" comet -- with the sinking of the ship TITANIC by a iceberg in the Atlantic Ocean. See ANTIDELUVIAN, ATLAS, OCEANUS and TITANIC.

A tribe of warlike natives that invaded the Mayan realm about the time of KULKULCAN. TOLTEC warlords can be found holding "fire cannons" or "flaming fire-rods" on several stele in what is now Central America. They are believed to have altered Mayan timekeeping habits and, as a result, destroyed the harvesting habits of the MAYA which led to their decline.

Always described as some kind of spiral mountain made of brick and mortar, the TOWER OF BABEL was the largest particle-beam tool of its kind in antediluvian times. Built by the Assyrian King NIMROD, this radio transmitting electromagnetic fountain design may have "backfired" and exploded when its "tower beam" reacted with the ozone layer of the upper atmosphere and blew the parabolic crater container out -- thus creating the infamous Biblical "bottomless pit" story (Revelations 9:11). See PARABOLIC MIRRORS.

First documented in Western Literature by Plato when he describes the ATLANTEANS would met in their capital seaport every other fourth and fifth year, the TRANS-ATLANTEAN SOLAR CALENDAR is based on the True Tropical Year count of 365.2422 days by adding one extra "passover" day onto a yearly 365 day count every alternate fourth and fifth year, together with a super extra "passover" day every fifty years. With a average total of 24.22 extra "passover" days every century, this remarkable calendar count was the most accurate solar calendar ever invented by man. Forgotten since the Biblical Flood, the timekeeping formulas of the TRANS-ATLANTEAN SOLAR CALENDAR were only recently discovered. See JUBILEE.

Collective force symbol; United together sign.

Vector viewpoint symbol; Vortex angle sign.

Seafaring natives of the North Atlantic realm, the VIKINGS appeared about the time KING ARTHUR disappeared. The VIKINGS were six (Roman numeral VI = 6) tribal kingdoms that were leftover to rule the North Atlantic realm after KING ARTHUR and are related to the ARMORICANS. See ARMORICANS.

In Norse myth, the banquet hall of the AESIR in ASGARD. See ASGARD.

Weaving motion symbol; Water movement sign. (Western water direction mark)

In Revelations 8:10/11 of the Holy Bible, WORMWOOD is defined as a "great star" that fell from heaven and made the earth's waters bitter as it burnt the land. Perhaps the word "WORMWOOD" identifies the leftover worm-ridden wooden artifacts from the antediluvian era of Atlantis. If COMET PHAETHON, which destroyed Atlantis, collided into the sun by vaporizing its metallic makeup into space, then, in turn, this action could cause a global fire storm and flood if the metallic particles reacted with the earth's atmosphere -- thus destroying all wooden construction projects and associated artifacts. Many years later, any ancient worm-ridden wooden artifact -- of which there must have been many examples, would be identified with the global event that destroyed the Atlantean era before the Biblical flood.

Mix across symbol; Cross cut mark.

Open up symbol; New angle design.

Separate parts symbol; Zigzag section sign. (Side view of "N" symbol)

The ancient name of the largest seaside city in the northeast Yucatan realm, ZAMA (now known as Tulum) means "the rising sun". Also the name of a Japanese city near Tokyo -- in the land of the "rising sun".

Spiritual ruler of the Grecian Empire, ZEUS was always depicted as a god with a face of radiant energy. ZEUS battled with the TITIANS and became a powerful ruler with the ability to "throw thunderbolts" like the Nordic lord of thunder named THOR. See JESUS CHRIST, TITIANS and THOR.

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