This numerical data gives information as to how the 20-base numerical Mayan dot-bar number system of counting set the foundation to the 20-base binary Ogamic alphabet of the North Atlantic realm used by Neolithic Man.
1/ Let us begin volume two by returning to Middle America and decipher the numerical and chronological origins of the Ogamic alphabet.
2/ The Maya culture employed a vigesimal (base 20) system of mathematics
in which a binary "morse code-like" style of alphanumerical markings was used to
express multi-syllabic information between regional tribes.
(In Mayan mathematics, the numerical value of one through four were visually represented as a dot or consecutive dots, while the numerical factors of five, ten and fifteen were drawn as a bar or consecutive bars, leaving the number "20" to appear as two curved bars shaped somewhat like the end-view of a clam shell with one dot above it that began another measured layer of counting)
3/ This vigesimal dot and bar system of alphanumerical
markings, together with certain pictorial and face-like
"vowel" statements, was a visual extension of a very
ancient method of calendrical record keeping that evolved from
generations of astronomical observations.
(Conventional Mayan chronology is based on a "long count" theory in which the Maya kept a daily record for over four-thousand years, however, as we will learn later, this dating theory and all other conventional dates from before the discovery of the New World, may have been greatly exaggerated beyond their proper year values)
4/ According to the formative maritime culture of Middle
America, the calendrical measurement of time was based on 91 days
per season at four seasons per year.
(Four seasons of 91 days each, plus one extra "year" day, account for 365 days a year, however because there also exists a 365 day Nahuatlan calendar of the Toltec tribe in which 20 days per "month" and 18 months per "vague" year with five extra "leftover" days at years end, modern historians have only focused on the lunar-solar aspects of the Nahuatlan calendar and therefore have erroneously excluded any "seasonal" time-keeping methods once used by the original Mayans)
[A new theory suggest that the original Mayans employed a seasonal counting procedure in which one season of 91 days - or 13 seven-day weeks, was counted 4 times and then a "year" day was added. This value was multiplied 4 times to the total amount of 1460 days, whereby 1 extra leap day was added in order to verify a 4-year cycle of 365.25 days each year - or 1461 days total; See the Maya Data page at the end of this book for more new concepts as to how the Maya may have counted time]
This numerical data gives information as to how the early time-keepers of the Mayan realm used temple mounds as "public calendars" by placing markers on the steps that represented days, weeks, months and years - so local farmers would know when to plant or harvest their seasonal crops on time.
This data page list certain timekeeping formulas used by ancient cultures that attempted to balance annual time. A recent calendrical overview of the numerical possibilities suggest that the 7-day weekly count may have been used in the New World long before 500 years ago. Also revealed is the suggestion that the 4-year "leap" day concept of the Julian Calendar may be linked to the Mayan calendar by way of the Armorican maritime culture.
7/ However, before we indulge into numerical ratios and
calendrical mathematics of The Trans-Atlantean Solar Calendar,
let us continue our investigation of Ogamic communication and
learn how its logaoedic format of linear information evolved into
the English language by way of the maritime alphabet of the
Calendar stick from the British Isles.
El Castillo temple at Chichen Itza in the Yucatan contains 91 "day" stairs on each of its four "seasonal" sides - which equal a total of 364 stairs or an annual 364 day count. Add to this value a "year" day ceremony and the full total of 365 days a year would suggest the Maya once used a 7-day calendar count because the number 364 (less the year day) is divisible by seven 52-times - or 52 seven-day weeks a year.
An "Anglo-Saxon" calendar stick found in the British Isles contains 91 marks along each of its four sides that total to 364 days. Add to this value an annual "passover" day or "year" day and the full total would equal 365 days a year.
Image courtesy of Collier's Encyclopedia / New York Public Library
Return to Volume 2