**This numerical data gives information as to how the 20-base numerical Mayan dot-bar number system of counting set the foundation to the 20-base binary Ogamic alphabet of the North Atlantic realm used by Neolithic Man. **

Chapter 1: The Trans-Atlantean Solar Calendar

1/ Let us begin volume two by returning to Middle America and decipher the numerical and chronological origins of the Ogamic alphabet.

2/ The Maya culture employed a vigesimal (base 20) system of mathematics
in which a binary "morse code-like" style of alphanumerical markings was used to
express multi-syllabic information between regional tribes.

(In Mayan mathematics, the numerical value of one through four
were visually represented as a dot or consecutive dots, while the
numerical factors of five, ten and fifteen were drawn as a bar or
consecutive bars, leaving the number "20" to appear as
two curved bars shaped somewhat like the end-view of a clam shell
with one dot above it that began another measured layer of
counting)

3/ This vigesimal dot and bar system of alphanumerical
markings, together with certain pictorial and face-like
"vowel" statements, was a visual extension of a very
ancient method of calendrical record keeping that evolved from
generations of astronomical observations.

(Conventional Mayan chronology is based on a "long
count" theory in which the Maya kept a daily record for over
four-thousand years, however, as we will learn later, this dating
theory and all other conventional dates from before the discovery
of the New World, may have been greatly exaggerated beyond their
proper year values)

4/ According to the formative maritime culture of Middle
America, the calendrical measurement of time was based on 91 days
per season at four seasons per year.

(Four seasons of 91 days each, plus one extra "year"
day, account for 365 days a year, however because there also
exists a 365 day Nahuatlan calendar of the Toltec tribe in which
20 days per "month" and 18 months per "vague"
year with five extra "leftover" days at years end,
modern historians have only focused on the lunar-solar aspects of
the Nahuatlan calendar and therefore have erroneously excluded
any "seasonal" time-keeping methods once used by the
original Mayans)

[A new theory suggest that the original Mayans employed a
seasonal counting procedure in which one season of 91 days - or
13 seven-day weeks, was counted 4 times and then a
"year" day was added. This value was multiplied 4 times
to the total amount of 1460 days, whereby 1 extra leap day was
added in order to verify a 4-year cycle of 365.25 days each year
- or 1461 days total; See the Maya Data page at the end of this
book for more new concepts as to how the Maya may have counted
time]

**This numerical data gives information as to how the early time-keepers
of the Mayan realm used temple mounds as "public calendars" by placing markers
on the steps that represented days, weeks, months and years - so local farmers
would know when to plant or harvest their seasonal crops on time. **

(There exist archeological evidence that certain Middle American temple mound parameters, some of which have or may have had four sets of stairways with 91 steps each, were "ceremoniously enlarged" every fifty years)

[Considerable confusion regarding the calendrical interpretation of some pyramids can be blamed on the false assumption that the Mayans used a 360-day yearly calendar like the Hellenic 360-day yearly calendar, for example, one particular rebuilt monument contains a single stairway of 52 steps that some historians believe represent step-markers to a 52-year time cycle known as the "Calendar Round Cycle" - whereby 260 days were added every 52 years to account for 52 years of a 365-day Toltec Calendar. However, these 52 steps may in fact mark 52 weeks to one year, thus the early Mayans used a seven-day weekly time count long before the Toltec/Aztec era altered their time keeping ways]

**This data page list certain timekeeping
formulas used by ancient cultures that attempted to balance
annual time. A recent calendrical overview of the numerical
possibilities suggest that the 7-day weekly count may have been
used in the New World long before 500 years ago. Also revealed is
the suggestion that the 4-year "leap" day concept of
the Julian Calendar may be linked to the Mayan calendar by way of
the Armorican maritime culture. **

**Calendar stick from the British Isles.
El Castillo temple at Chichen Itza in the Yucatan contains 91 "day" stairs on each of its four "seasonal"
sides - which equal a total of 364 stairs or an annual 364 day
count. Add to this value a "year" day ceremony and the
full total of 365 days a year would suggest the Maya once used a
7-day calendar count because the number 364 (less the year day)
is divisible by seven 52-times - or 52 seven-day weeks a year.
An "Anglo-Saxon" calendar stick found in the British
Isles contains 91 marks along each of its four sides that total
to 364 days. Add to this value an annual "passover" day
or "year" day and the full total would equal 365 days a
year.**

Image courtesy of Collier's Encyclopedia / New York Public Library