spiritofatlantis.com | Duane K. McCullough

The long tailed Quetzal Bird is sacred to many native tribes in Middle America.

Chapter 3: Middle American History

1/ Of the many native tribes in Middle America - the Mayans, together with their ancestors - the Olmecs, were known to have occupied the eastern shores of upper Central America some years before the Carib and Arawak tribes sailed the islands of the Caribbean Basin.
(Olmec artifacts of "jade jaguars" are believed to be older than the Greco-Roman Era)

2/ Also inhabiting the western Caribbean coast are still the Payan tribe of the Bay Islands along northern Honduras and the Misquito tribe of eastern Honduras and Nicaragua.

3/ In the central and Pacific side of Middle America reigned the Nahuatlan family of tribes - mostly the Zapotec, Mixtec and later the Toltec/Aztec tribes.
(The Aztec tribe occupied much of the Mexican Gulf coast - excluding the Yucatan peninsula)

Quetzalcoatl flying his kites.

4/ Early this century archeologist uncovered hieroglyphical information from several Central American temple sites regarding an ancient legend that describes the presence of a blue-eyed, bearded white man by the Nahuatlan name of Quetzalcoatl who came to earth with the divine ability to control the winds of the universe.
(The Nahuatlan name of Quetzalcoatl translates into the English term "Feathered Serpent" or "Flying Snake" because the original "wind god" or "weatherman" of Middle America may have mastered the enchanting aerodynamic art of kite flying - in which the kite-flyer used long hollow snake-skins for kite tail material and strong reptile hide with sticks for wing surfaces - thus the word "Quetzalcoatl" personifies a person capable of piloting an elaborate bird-shaped kite with a long snake tail stabilizer)

5/ He also introduced the nutritional value of maize and other beneficial plants of agriculture.

6/ As a medicine man, music man. and mathematician, Quetzalcoatl developed the art of writing and revealed the workings of a very unique and accurate astronomical calendar.

7/ However, his greatness as an admirable teacher of the arts and sciences overshadowed a jealous god who plotted to dishonor him.

8/ One day, while Quetzalcoatl was enticed to discover alcohol, he became drunk and was seduced into breaking the law with a young goddess.

9/ Rejected by the "ruling dynasty", he was shown no forgiveness and eventually ran away.

10/ He went eastward with a few friends toward the mountains, and after climbing, they finally descended to the eastern shore.

11/ There, as if to fulfill his destiny, he discarded his remaning ornaments and sailed eastward into the sunrise on a raft made of serpent skin - while promising those left behind that he would return one day.
(The legendary story of Quetzalcoatl should not be confused with a later fable regarding a similar shaman of Middle America named Kukulcan - who brought about a violent and decadent period of Mayan history; Furthermore, the ball-headed oriental monk by the name of Kukulcan - and his "heart removing sacrificial religion", violently overwhelmed Mayan theology into replacing an earlier legendary shaman also found in Mayan history named Itzamna)
[The Spanish Conquest of Middle America began when the natives incorrectly assumed that Cortez was the returning "wind god" from the east]

12/ So by linking the Middle American legend of Quetzalcoatl's eastern departure from the Yucatan Peninsula with the Seminole legend about the western arrival of a mound building tribe from the Gulf Coast, and having this link reinforced by the discovery of skeletal remains with Mayan features at the mounds near Ft. Center and Fisheating Creek - perhaps there is reason to believe that the first Mayaimi were Mayan seafarers from the Yucatan Peninsula that followed Quetzalcoatl.
(It is important to realize that the original "kite-flying shaman of Middle America" - known by the Nahuatlan name of Quetzalcoatl, probably dates to the beginning of the Mayan Culture, which began shortly after their ancestors, the Olmec, disappeared from history)

13/ To even further this ancestral perspective of the first Mayaimi, something else was discovered at the mounds near Ft. Center and Fisheating Creek.

Ft. Center Shell letter information.
Courtesy of the book A CRACKER HISTORY OF OKEECHOBEE by LAWRENCE E. WILL / Glades Historical Society.

14/ A "shell letter" carved by some European visitor was unearthed at the mound that revealed on one side an etching of what appears to be a Latin cross and some possible Roman numeral symbols with the word "Calos" - and on the other side a map.

15/ The apparent intent of the message on the large clam shell is to follow the map and find the Latin cross.

16/ In deciphering the map and other clues scratched into the shell, one perspective could mean that the Latin cross can be found inland near a river from the eastern shore of Lake Okeechobee in the south Florida region once called Calos.
(The shape of the actual river on the shell map may have been altered earlier this century because of new man-made canals which changed the original water flow in the area)

17/ This conclusion places us again at the site of Big Mound City - with it's large mounds and long circular causeway.

18/ Now if the etching of the Latin cross is studied in detail it reveals something extra.

19/ First thought to represent some sort of Christian grave marker image, it becomes evident that the center part of the cross is made up of sections - and that these sections or "ribs" may represent the graphic impression of a re-enforced umiak (Eskimo canoe) made of wood and crocodile skin with two out-riggers to give the craft extra stability.

Did American natives ever use multihull rafts?

20/ In other words, perhaps the shell letter may be telling the reader that a unique Indian raft design can be found at "Big Mound City" and may some how graphically personify earlier Christian influence within the region of Calos.
(Regarding unique "sailing rafts", a sailing trimaran configured similar to the Latin cross on the shell letter set the speed record in 1980 of sailing across the Atlantic Ocean)
[Multi-hull canoes are also mentioned in the book: THE EVERGLADES / RIVER OF GRASS by Marjory Stoneman Douglas, wherein the Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon, while visiting southwest Florida, describes "twenty canoes fastened together by twos".]

Mayan artwork showing two persons facing the "Altar of the Cross" wall at Palenque in the Yucatan.

21/ Is it possible that a European explorer or shipwreck survivor created a shell letter which depicted the design of an ancient sea-going trimaran?

22/ Could the cross-shaped umiak represent a kind of "sacred ark" to the Mayaimi at Big Mound City whereby the graphic layout of Quetzalcoatl's raft was preserved and worshiped over many generations?

23/ In continuing our investigation of Fontaneda's aquatic Indians. let us learn another short native legend which was documented in 1896 by a rare book entitled: THE SEMINOLES OF FLORIDA.

From the book: The SEMINOLES OF FLORIDA / Minnie Moore-Wilson (1896).

24/ According to Florida Indian lore, there appeared a saint who arrived long ago "at the southern point of Florida" whereupon he sowed the seeds of the "koonti" plant.
(Koonti - or coontie, also known as American Arrowroot, is the sable palm-like "zamia" plant - and yields a nutritional starch called "coontie", which when properly processed (by cooking out the harmful acids) is used as flour to make "biscuit bread" by the Indians of southern Florida)

25/ Furthermore, the book advocates that at the turn of this century, the Mayaimi tribe of southeast Florida was converted into the present day Miccosukee community because of "Christianizing efforts".
(Because the Seminole word "micco" translates into the English phrase "great leader", and the Muskogee word for December - or "fifth moon" is "sokee" (month of the hawk), perhaps "micco-sokee" means "the Saint of December" - thus the tribal association with Christ and Christmas in December)

26/ Now let's move forward and explore some evidence of what became of the greater Miami tribe of Florida and North America.

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